2,211 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    The cerebellum is involved in processing of predictions and prediction errors in a fear conditioning paradigm

    Thomas Michael Ernst et al.
    Pronounced cerebellar activation during unexpected omission of a potentially harmful event suggests that the cerebellum has to be added to the neural network processing prediction errors underlying emotional associative learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Abstract rules drive adaptation in the subcortical sensory pathway

    Alejandro Tabas et al.
    Representations in the subcortical sensory pathway do not only adapt to stimulus properties but also rely on the observer’s subjective model of the world.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural dynamics of perceptual inference and its reversal during imagery

    Nadine Dijkstra et al.
    Perceptual feedforward information flow is reversed during mental imagery and later stages of perception.
    1. Neuroscience

    Integrated externally and internally generated task predictions jointly guide cognitive control in prefrontal cortex

    Jiefeng Jiang et al.
    The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex integrates concurrent externally and internally generated predictions of task demand to guide information processing, while the medial prefrontal cortex corrects its prediction error based on actual task demand.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional dissociation of stimulus intensity encoding and predictive coding of pain in the insula

    Stephan Geuter et al.
    Pain processing in certain brain regions implements predictive coding principles, offering a novel perspective on the neural basis of pain perception.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Antigen presentation and tumor immunogenicity in cancer immunotherapy response prediction

    Shixiang Wang et al.
    Tumor immunogenicity is quantified with a novel method, and the resulting tumor immunogenicity score is an effective tumor-inherent biomarker for prediction of response to immune checkpoint inhibitors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Classical conditioning drives learned reward prediction signals in climbing fibers across the lateral cerebellum

    William Heffley, Court Hull
    Cerebellar climbing fibers can generate learned reward-predictive instructional signals, suggesting a role for cerebellar learning in the reinforcement of reward-driven behaviors.
    1. Neuroscience

    The temporal and spectral characteristics of expectations and prediction errors in pain and thermoception

    Andreas Strube et al.
    Key variables required for pain perception in the context of a predictive coding model are correlated with distinct oscillatory profiles.
    1. Neuroscience

    Estimating and interpreting nonlinear receptive field of sensory neural responses with deep neural network models

    Menoua Keshishian et al.
    A comprehensive, data-driven and interpretable nonlinear computational modeling framework based on deep neural networks uncovers different nonlinear transformations of speech signal in the human auditory cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Stretching the skin immediately enhances perceived stiffness and gradually enhances the predictive control of grip force

    Mor Farajian et al.
    Elucidating the contribution of augmented artificial skin-stretch stimulation to the fingertips to the immediate illusion of a higher stiffness and to an increased predictive grip force control.

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