379 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Integrated externally and internally generated task predictions jointly guide cognitive control in prefrontal cortex

    Jiefeng Jiang et al.
    The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex integrates concurrent externally and internally generated predictions of task demand to guide information processing, while the medial prefrontal cortex corrects its prediction error based on actual task demand.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural mechanisms of economic commitment in the human medial prefrontal cortex

    Konstantinos Tsetsos et al.
    A striking dissociation exists in the medial prefrontal cortex, with different brain regions responding to value when commitments are deferred to the future and when prospects are judged to be undesirable.
    1. Neuroscience

    Layer 2/3 pyramidal cells in the medial prefrontal cortex moderate stress induced depressive behaviors

    Prerana Shrestha et al.
    The well-established link between stress and depression could be due to the activity of a population of cells in prefrontal cortex that express a gene mutated in the rare disorder Wolfram syndrome.
    1. Neuroscience

    Capturing the temporal evolution of choice across prefrontal cortex

    Laurence T Hunt et al.
    Experiments in macaques and humans reveal time-varying changes in prefrontal cortex activity that occur during decisions based on costs and benefits.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ventromedial prefrontal cortex stimulation enhances memory and hippocampal neurogenesis in the middle-aged rats

    Albert Liu et al.
    High-frequency stimulation of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex, which enhances memory and hippocampal neurogenesis, is a novel target for treatment of dementia-related diseases.
    1. Neuroscience

    Post-decision processing in primate prefrontal cortex influences subsequent choices on an auditory decision-making task

    Joji Tsunada et al.
    A behavioral model, neuronal recordings, and electrical microstimulation reveal that the ventrolateral prefrontal cortex plays a causal role in evaluating prior decisions and biasing future decisions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Chemogenetic inhibition of the medial prefrontal cortex reverses the effects of REM sleep loss on sucrose consumption

    Kristopher McEown et al.
    Loss of REM sleep increases sucrose and fat consumption in mice; and inhibiting the prefrontal cortex reverses the increased consumption of sucrose, but not fat, following REM sleep loss.
    1. Neuroscience

    Causal evidence for lateral prefrontal cortex dynamics supporting cognitive control

    Derek Evan Nee, Mark D'Esposito
    Non-invasive brain stimulation tests and refines a model of lateral prefrontal cortex neural dynamics supporting cognitive control.
    1. Neuroscience

    Phasic activation of ventral tegmental neurons increases response and pattern similarity in prefrontal cortex neurons

    Motoko Iwashita
    Transient increases in calcium release in prefrontal cortex neurons, observable only in awake animals, may form the basis of associative learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ventral hippocampal projections to the medial prefrontal cortex regulate social memory

    Mary L Phillips et al.
    Input from the ventral hippocampus to the medial prefrontal cortex regulates social memory in wild type mice and atypically-strengthened input causes social memory dysfunction in Rett syndrome mice.

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