39 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Active avoidance requires inhibitory signaling in the rodent prelimbic prefrontal cortex

    Maria M Diehl et al.
    Avoiding danger requires inhibitory signaling in the prelimbic prefrontal cortex, as evidenced by optogenetic manipulations based on neuronal firing patterns.
    1. Neuroscience

    The paraventricular thalamus is a critical mediator of top-down control of cue-motivated behavior in rats

    Paolo Campus et al.
    A top-down circuit generating from the prelimbic cortex and projecting to the paraventricular nucleus of the thalamus mediates individual differences in cue-elicited responding by affecting subcortical dopamine-dependent incentive learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Amygdala-ventral striatum circuit activation decreases long-term fear

    Susana S Correia et al.
    Behavior- or optogenetic-driven activation of a basolateral amygdala projection to the nucleus accumbens enhances infralimbic cortex activity and long-term fear extinction.
    1. Neuroscience

    Increased anxiety and decreased sociability induced by paternal deprivation involve the PVN-PrL OTergic pathway

    Zhixiong He et al.
    The PVN-mPFC OT circuit is an important target for the treatment of disorders related to early adverse experiences.
    1. Neuroscience

    Risk of punishment influences discrete and coordinated encoding of reward-guided actions by prefrontal cortex and VTA neurons

    Junchol Park, Bita Moghaddam
    Risk of punishment during reward seeking behavior is associated with a functional "disconnection" of the PFC-VTA circuit due to a transient loss of VTA-driven theta oscillation.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Neuroscience

    Microbiota regulates visceral pain in the mouse

    Pauline Luczynski et al.
    Determining that microbiota-deficient mice have increased visceral pain, which can be reversed by restoring microbiota, may lead to novel microbial-based strategies for disorders associated with visceral pain.
    1. Neuroscience

    A robust activity marking system for exploring active neuronal ensembles

    Andreas T Sørensen et al.
    A new system for tagging activated neuronal population offers multiple advantages over existing systems based on immediate early genes, including greater sensitivity and specificity, and suitability for easy application in species other than mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    Secretagogin expression delineates functionally-specialized populations of striatal parvalbumin-containing interneurons

    Farid N Garas et al.
    In rodents and primates, there are two subtypes of parvalbumin-expressing interneurons that provide novel substrates for selective inhibition in the striatum.
    1. Neuroscience

    Enhancement of fear memory by retrieval through reconsolidation

    Hotaka Fukushima et al.
    Retrieval enhances fear memory through reconsolidation by activating calcineurin-induced protein degradation and CREB-mediated gene expression in amygdala, hippocampus, and mPFC.
    1. Neuroscience

    Thalamic reticular control of local sleep in mouse sensory cortex

    Laura MJ Fernandez et al.
    Local cortical sleep features arise subcortically due to heterogeneous burst discharge in neurons of a sleep rhythm pacemaker previously thought to act uniformly.

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