115 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Haploinsufficiency of Trp53 dramatically extends the lifespan of Sirt6-deficient mice

    Shrestha Ghosh et al.
    The dramatic extension of lifespan in Sirt6-deficient mice by Trp53 haploinsufficiency suggests that SIRT6 has distinct biological function from SIRT1 in regulating p53 activity and preventing cells from senescence/apoptosis.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Progerin reduces LAP2α-telomere association in Hutchinson-Gilford progeria

    Alexandre Chojnowski et al.
    Expression of the lamina-associated polypeptide α (LAP2α) prevents premature cellular ageing caused by expression of progerin in Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome.
  1. Point of View: Basic research at the epicenter of an epidemic

    William R Bishai
    William R Bishai, director of the KwaZulu-Natal Research Institute for Tuberculosis and HIV (K-RITH), argues that the best place to carry out research into a disease is in its midst.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Science Forum: Viral factors in influenza pandemic risk assessment

    Marc Lipsitch et al.
    We identify key strengths and limitations in use of viral genotyping and phenotyping to estimate pandemic risk from influenza A viruses, focusing on 3 traits, hemagglutinin binding specificity, hemagglutinin pH of activation, and polymerase complex efficiency.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Tissue Regeneration: Regional differences

    Zhou Yu, Ting Chen
    The skin is a complex landscape containing regions in which hair follicles exhibit different types of behavior.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Role of the visual experience-dependent nascent proteome in neuronal plasticity

    Han-Hsuan Liu et al.
    A screen of visual-experience induced changes in newly-synthesized proteins in Xenopus optic tectum identifies unexpected candidate plasticity proteins.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Restraint of presynaptic protein levels by Wnd/DLK signaling mediates synaptic defects associated with the kinesin-3 motor Unc-104

    Jiaxing Li et al.
    Synaptic defects previously attributed to loss of kinesin function are found to be mediated by the Wnd/DLK axonal injury signaling pathway, which restrains the total levels of presynaptic proteins in response to their accumulation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Motoneuron Wnts regulate neuromuscular junction development

    Chengyong Shen et al.
    A novel role of motoneuron Wnts in regulating presynaptic development at the neuromuscular junction.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Presenilin mutations deregulate mitochondrial Ca2+ homeostasis and metabolic activity causing neurodegeneration in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Shaarika Sarasija et al.
    In C. elegans, presenilin functions, independent of its gamma-secretase proteolytic activity, to regulate mitochondrial metabolism by controlling ER-mitochondrial calcium transfer and, even in the absence of Abeta signaling, loss of this activity leads to neurodegeneration.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Type XVII collagen coordinates proliferation in the interfollicular epidermis

    Mika Watanabe et al.
    Type XVII collagen, a transmembranous protein in basal keratinocytes, suppresses interfollicular epidermal proliferation in neonatal and aged skin, and helps rejuvenate epidermis.

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