98 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Haploinsufficiency of Trp53 dramatically extends the lifespan of Sirt6-deficient mice

    Shrestha Ghosh et al.
    The dramatic extension of lifespan in Sirt6-deficient mice by Trp53 haploinsufficiency suggests that SIRT6 has distinct biological function from SIRT1 in regulating p53 activity and preventing cells from senescence/apoptosis.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Progerin reduces LAP2α-telomere association in Hutchinson-Gilford progeria

    Alexandre Chojnowski et al.
    Expression of the lamina-associated polypeptide α (LAP2α) prevents premature cellular ageing caused by expression of progerin in Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome.
  1. Point of View: Basic research at the epicenter of an epidemic

    William R Bishai
    William R Bishai, director of the KwaZulu-Natal Research Institute for Tuberculosis and HIV (K-RITH), argues that the best place to carry out research into a disease is in its midst.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Science Forum: Viral factors in influenza pandemic risk assessment

    Marc Lipsitch et al.
    We identify key strengths and limitations in use of viral genotyping and phenotyping to estimate pandemic risk from influenza A viruses, focusing on 3 traits, hemagglutinin binding specificity, hemagglutinin pH of activation, and polymerase complex efficiency.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Tissue Regeneration: Regional differences

    Zhou Yu, Ting Chen
    The skin is a complex landscape containing regions in which hair follicles exhibit different types of behavior.
    Insight
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    1. Neuroscience

    Role of the visual experience-dependent nascent proteome in neuronal plasticity

    Han-Hsuan Liu et al.
    A screen of visual-experience induced changes in newly-synthesized proteins in Xenopus optic tectum identifies unexpected candidate plasticity proteins.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Restraint of presynaptic protein levels by Wnd/DLK signaling mediates synaptic defects associated with the kinesin-3 motor Unc-104

    Jiaxing Li et al.
    Synaptic defects previously attributed to loss of kinesin function are found to be mediated by the Wnd/DLK axonal injury signaling pathway, which restrains the total levels of presynaptic proteins in response to their accumulation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Epithelial magnesium transport by TRPM6 is essential for prenatal development and adult survival

    Vladimir Chubanov et al.
    Mice deficient in the TRPM6 channel suffer from impaired prenatal development, shortened lifespan, growth deficit and disturbed energy balance due to a defect in epithelial Mg2+ uptake, thus highlighting a pivotal role of TRPM6 in organismal Mg2+ homeostasis.
    1. Cell Biology

    Spatial sequestration and detoxification of Huntingtin by the ribosome quality control complex

    Junsheng Yang et al.
    A genome-wide screen in yeast reveals that key proteins in ribosome quality control also regulate mutant Huntingtin aggregation and toxicity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Non-canonical antagonism of PI3K by the kinase Itpkb delays thymocyte β-selection and renders it Notch-dependent

    Luise Westernberg et al.
    Antagonistic signaling by the kinases PI3K and Itpkb limits the kinetics and enforces the Notch-dependence of beta-selection – the most important cell-fate determining process in alpha beta T cell development.

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