236 results found
    1. Medicine

    Modulation of fracture healing by the transient accumulation of senescent cells

    Dominik Saul et al.
    Senescent cells accumulate in the fracture callus and a reduction in the number of these cells accelerates fracture healing in mice.
    1. Cell Biology

    Metformin alleviates stress-induced cellular senescence of aging human adipose stromal cells and the ensuing adipocyte dysfunction

    Laura Le Pelletier et al.
    Aging is associated with stress-induced senescence of adipose stromal cells, leading to impaired adipogenesis, oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, and insulin resistance, all being alleviated by metformin treatment of adipose stromal cells.
    1. Cell Biology

    Modelling the impact of decidual senescence on embryo implantation in human endometrial assembloids

    Thomas M Rawlings et al.
    The study of embryo-endometrial interactions in assembloid co-cultures identifies novel mechanisms of reproductive failure.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The cooperative binding of TDP-43 to GU-rich RNA repeats antagonizes TDP-43 aggregation

    Juan Carlos Rengifo-Gonzalez et al.
    The RNA-mediated higher order assembly of TDP-43, a protein associated with neurodegenerative diseases, preserves its solubility by reducing the risk of multivalent interactions between low complexity domains.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Quantitative proteomics reveals the selectivity of ubiquitin-binding autophagy receptors in the turnover of damaged lysosomes by lysophagy

    Vinay V Eapen et al.
    A combination of spatial proteomic and autophagic flux approaches was used to reveal the landscape of turnover of damaged lysosomes, demonstrating a key role for the autophagy receptor TAX1BP1 and its associated kinase TBK1 in both HeLa cells and iNeurons.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Medicine

    SMA-miRs (miR-181a-5p, -324-5p, and -451a) are overexpressed in spinal muscular atrophy skeletal muscle and serum samples

    Emanuela Abiusi et al.
    The identification of SMA-miR supports the pathogenic role of skeletal muscle in spinal muscular atrophy and, integrated in the SMA-score, may help to improve the phenotypic prediction for patients.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Adaptation and compensation in a bacterial gene regulatory network evolving under antibiotic selection

    Vishwa Patel, Nishad Matange
    Mutations in gene regulatory proteins set the stage for the evolution of antimicrobial resistance by shifting the fitness landscape of resistance-conferring mutations.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Autonomous clocks that regulate organelle biogenesis, cytoskeletal organization, and intracellular dynamics

    Mohammad Mofatteh et al.
    Latest advances in biological timing studies substantiate an emerging concept of autonomous clocks that are normally entrained by the cell cycle and/or the circadian clock to run in synchrony, but have evolved to run independently to regulate different cellular events.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    NHR-8 and P-glycoproteins uncouple xenobiotic resistance from longevity in chemosensory C. elegans mutants

    Gabriel A Guerrero et al.
    Separate genetic pathways mediate longevity, pathogen resistance, and cell-nonautonomous regulation of xenobiotic detoxification in chemosensory defective Caenorhabditis elegans mutants.
    1. Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor-based combination antiretroviral therapy is associated with lower cell-associated HIV RNA and DNA levels compared to protease inhibitor-based therapy

    Alexander O Pasternak et al.
    In two independent cohorts, NNRTI-based cART regimens are associated with significantly lower cell-associated HIV RNA levels than PI-based regimens, suggesting more potent suppression of residual virus replication by NNRTI-based regimens.

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