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    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Epidemiological transition to mortality and refracture following an initial fracture

    Thao Phuong Ho-Le et al.
    The concept of compound fracture risk is redefined to combine the risk that an individual will sustain a fracture and the risk of mortality once the fracture has occurred.
    1. Neuroscience

    Septin/anillin filaments scaffold central nervous system myelin to accelerate nerve conduction

    Julia Patzig et al.
    A newly identified component in the architecture of the axon/myelin-unit – the septin/anillin scaffold – maintains the structure of myelin in the central nervous system, thereby preventing myelin outfoldings.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Self-sperm induce resistance to the detrimental effects of sexual encounters with males in hermaphroditic nematodes

    Lauren N Booth et al.
    Nematode hermaphroditism has co-evolved with a self-sperm sensing mechanism that protects hermaphrodites from the detrimental effects of mating with males.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Type XVII collagen coordinates proliferation in the interfollicular epidermis

    Mika Watanabe et al.
    Type XVII collagen, a transmembranous protein in basal keratinocytes, suppresses interfollicular epidermal proliferation in neonatal and aged skin, and helps rejuvenate epidermis.
    1. Neuroscience

    SIR-2.1 integrates metabolic homeostasis with the reproductive neuromuscular excitability in early aging male Caenorhabditis elegans

    Xiaoyan Guo, L René García
    A protein called SIR-2.1 helps to protect worms from the effects of aging by regulating metabolic processes that would otherwise generate damaging reactive oxygen species.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    POWERDRESS interacts with HISTONE DEACETYLASE 9 to promote aging in Arabidopsis

    Xiangsong Chen et al.
    Genetic and biochemical studies reveal how a histone deacetylase acts together with other chromatin regulators to promote the onset of plant aging.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Boosting ATM activity alleviates aging and extends lifespan in a mouse model of progeria

    Minxian Qian et al.
    The ATM-SIRT6 axis integrates the DNA repair machinery to longevity-promoting pathways.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Egr-5 is a post-mitotic regulator of planarian epidermal differentiation

    Kimberly C Tu et al.
    The dynamic homeostasis of the planarian epidermis serves as an experimental paradigm to study stem cell dynamics and post-mitotic specification of diverse functional cell fates.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    A network of heterochronic genes including Imp1 regulates temporal changes in stem cell properties

    Jinsuke Nishino et al.
    A set of genes that are turned on only within time-limited windows—including genes encoding RNA binding molecules, let-7 microRNAs and IMP1—control developmental switches in stem cell properties between fetal development and adulthood.
    1. Cell Biology

    The transcription factor Hey and nuclear lamins specify and maintain cell identity

    Naama Flint Brodsly et al.
    Hey together with LaminC continuously supervise nuclear organisation and differentiated enterocyte identity, a regulation that is lost upon ageing, resulting in loss of gut homeostasis.