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    1. Neuroscience

    Contributions of local speech encoding and functional connectivity to audio-visual speech perception

    Bruno L Giordano et al.
    Seeing a speaker's face aids comprehension by facilitating functional connectivity between the temporal and frontal lobes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Causal manipulation of functional connectivity in a specific neural pathway during behaviour and at rest

    Vanessa M Johnen et al.
    Functional connectivity in the human brain reflects changes in synaptic plasticity induced with repeated paired stimulation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of a bacterial RNA polymerase holoenzyme open promoter complex

    Brian Bae et al.
    The crystal structure of bacterial RNA polymerase bound to the transcription bubble reveals key features that support the formation of a double-strand/single-strand DNA junction at the upstream edge of the −10 element where bubble formation initiates.
    1. Neuroscience

    Wireless recording from unrestrained monkeys reveals motor goal encoding beyond immediate reach in frontoparietal cortex

    Michael Berger et al.
    The novel Reach Cage allows neurophysiology studies of structured behavior with unrestrained Rhesus macaques showing that the frontoparietal reach network is selective for reach goals outside the immediately reachable space.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Computational prediction of CTCF/cohesin-based intra-TAD loops that insulate chromatin contacts and gene expression in mouse liver

    Bryan J Matthews, David J Waxman
    Certain types of 3D chromatin loops are easy to predict from existing or easily obtainable 2D information, which benefits gene expression studies in tissues/cells/organisms without extensive pre-existing 3D information.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    DNA sequence encodes the position of DNA supercoils

    Sung Hyun Kim et al.
    Single-molecule experiments reveal that plectonemic supercoils occupy specific positions on DNA and a physical model relates this to the intrinsic curvature, providing an insight into how supercoiling organizes the genome.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Functional evaluation of transposable elements as enhancers in mouse embryonic and trophoblast stem cells

    Christopher D Todd et al.
    Genetic and epigenetic editing experiments establish causal links between transposon-derived enhancers and gene regulation in mouse embryonic and extraembryonic lineages.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Role of the pre-initiation complex in Mediator recruitment and dynamics

    Elisabeth R Knoll et al.
    Genome-wide recruitment of Mediator and Pol II is reduced in yeast lacking the Med2-Med3-Med15 tail module triad, and Mediator association with gene promoters depends on Pol II, Taf1, and TBP.
    1. Neuroscience

    Risk of punishment influences discrete and coordinated encoding of reward-guided actions by prefrontal cortex and VTA neurons

    Junchol Park, Bita Moghaddam
    Risk of punishment during reward seeking behavior is associated with a functional "disconnection" of the PFC-VTA circuit due to a transient loss of VTA-driven theta oscillation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    An ancient yet flexible cis-regulatory architecture allows localized Hedgehog tuning by patched/Ptch1

    David S Lorberbaum et al.
    The seemingly simple, constitutive response of the patched/Ptch1 gene to Hedgehog signaling is in fact regulated by large batteries of context-specific Hedgehog-responsive enhancers in both fly and mouse, allowing tissue-specific tuning of the Hedgehog pathway in animal development and evolution.