1,336 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Movement initiation and grasp representation in premotor and primary motor cortex mirror neurons

    Steven Jack Jerjian et al.
    Mirror neurons, including corticospinal neurons, in primary motor cortex of macaque monkeys, clearly dissociate between execution and observation of grasping actions while ventral premotor cortex (F5) maintains a similar representation.
    1. Neuroscience

    A multilayer circuit architecture for the generation of distinct locomotor behaviors in Drosophila

    Aref Arzan Zarin et al.
    Generation of a premotor/motor neuron comprehensive TEM reconstruction, functional optogenetics, and recurrent network modeling reveals different phase relationships among a subset of Drosophila motor neurons in forward versus backward locomotion.
    1. Neuroscience

    Auditory synapses to song premotor neurons are gated off during vocalization in zebra finches

    Kosuke Hamaguchi et al.
    Intracellular recordings in singing birds and images of synapses in deafened birds provide insights into the neural circuitry that enables songbirds to fine-tune their songs.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Core promoter factor TAF9B regulates neuronal gene expression

    Francisco J Herrera et al.
    An orphan TBP-associated factor, TAF9B, works in conjunction with the histone acetyl-transferase PCAF as transcriptional co-regulators of neuronal differentiation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Maintained avalanche dynamics during task-induced changes of neuronal activity in nonhuman primates

    Shan Yu et al.
    Ongoing and stimulus-evoked brain activity in cortex are shown in nonhuman primates to follow the organization of neuronal avalanches, a core commonality that might guide optimal information processing in the brain.
    1. Neuroscience

    A genetically defined asymmetry underlies the inhibitory control of flexor–extensor locomotor movements

    Olivier Britz et al.
    Two classes of premotor inhibitory neurons have specific roles in controlling flexor-extensor behaviors in mice, which is the underlying neural mechanism for limb driven movements in terrestrial vertebrates.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functionally asymmetric motor neurons contribute to coordinating locomotion of Caenorhabditis elegans

    Oleg Tolstenkov et al.
    The 'missing' class of Caenorhabditis elegans excitatory motor neurons, AS, contribute to propagation and coordination of body waves, integrating information from, and feeding back to premotor interneurons byelectrical signaling.
    1. Neuroscience

    Visual projection neurons in the Drosophila lobula link feature detection to distinct behavioral programs

    Ming Wu et al.
    Neurons called lobula columnar cells help fruit flies respond appropriately to specific visual cues, such as those signaling an approaching predator.
    1. Neuroscience

    Monosynaptic premotor circuit tracing reveals neural substrates for oro-motor coordination

    Edward Stanek IV et al.
    Retrograde tracing of the neural circuits that control movement of the jaw and tongue reveals how shared premotor neurons help to ensure coordinated muscle activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Transitioning between preparatory and precisely sequenced neuronal activity in production of a skilled behavior

    Vamsi K Daliparthi et al.
    Precisely sequenced patterns of neuronal activity associated with the production of a skilled behavior begin and end as part of orchestrated activity across functionally diverse populations of cortical premotor neurons.

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