89 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Multiple mechanisms link prestimulus neural oscillations to sensory responses

    Luca Iemi et al.
    Neural oscillations prior to a stimulus modulate the strength of early and late responses in opposite directions via distinct mechanisms.
    1. Neuroscience

    The rate of transient beta frequency events predicts behavior across tasks and species

    Hyeyoung Shin et al.
    Across species, tasks and recording modalities, the rate of transient neocortical beta frequency (15-29Hz) events strongly predicts perceptual ability, providing fundamental mechanistic insight, with implications for tracking and manipulating brain dynamics.
    1. Neuroscience

    Intraneural stimulation elicits discrimination of textural features by artificial fingertip in intact and amputee humans

    Calogero Maria Oddo et al.
    Delivering specific patterns of electrical activity to the median nerve of the arm triggers reliable sensations of texture, suggesting that it may ultimately be possible to restore complex tactile information to users of prosthetic limbs.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pauses in cholinergic interneuron firing exert an inhibitory control on striatal output in vivo

    Stefano Zucca et al.
    Optogenetics and in vivo recordings in mice reveal that pauses in cholinergic interneurons offer an alternative mechanism to inhibit subthreshold and suprathreshold events of spiny projection neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Human VMPFC encodes early signatures of confidence in perceptual decisions

    Sabina Gherman, Marios G. Philiastides
    Simultaneous EEG-fMRI reveals neural representations of decision confidence unfolding prior to explicit perceptual choices, in a region of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex typically linked to reward processing and value-based decisions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Specialized coding patterns among dorsomedial prefrontal neuronal ensembles predict conditioned reward seeking

    Roger I Grant et al.
    Excitatory output neurons in dorsomedial prefrontal cortex display heterogeneously specialized coding properties that evolve during cue-reward learning and predict cue-driven reward seeking.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural mechanisms underlying expectation-dependent inhibition of distracting information

    Dirk van Moorselaar et al.
    Learned expectations allow for a distinct anticipatory distractor representation at the feature but not at the spatial level.
    1. Neuroscience

    Auditory cortical alpha/beta desynchronization prioritizes the representation of memory items during a retention period

    Nathan Weisz et al.
    Top-down mediated decreases of beta activity in auditory cortex prior to a predictable distractor in an auditory working memory task is associated with increased representation of to-be-memorized information.
    1. Neuroscience

    Alpha/beta power decreases track the fidelity of stimulus-specific information

    Benjamin James Griffiths et al.
    Neural representations of stimulus-specific information increase in fidelity as the power of alpha/beta activity decreases, suggesting that alpha/beta power decreases reflect a domain-general mechanism that supports information representation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Locus coeruleus spiking differently correlates with S1 cortex activity and pupil diameter in a tactile detection task

    Hongdian Yang et al.
    Correlations among LC spiking, membrane potential in S1 cortex, and pupil diameter vary within individual trials of a tactile detection task.

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