150 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Specific Neuroligin3–αNeurexin1 signaling regulates GABAergic synaptic function in mouse hippocampus

    Motokazu Uchigashima et al.
    Trans-synaptic protein interactions are required for synapse specification and function, and the combination between neuroligin3 and αneurexin1 controls inhibitory synaptic function in a splice isoform- and interneuron-specific manner.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neurexin directs partner-specific synaptic connectivity in C. elegans

    Alison Philbrook et al.
    Investigation of synapse development using a single neuron system illuminates how individual neurons specify connectivity with their postsynaptic partners and the central role of the synaptic organizer neurexin in this process.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dysregulated Dscam levels act through Abelson tyrosine kinase to enlarge presynaptic arbors

    Gabriella R Sterne et al.
    Targeting Abelson kinase can be beneficial for treating disorders characterized by dysregulated Down Syndrome Cell Adhesion Molecule signaling.
    1. Neuroscience

    A muscle-epidermis-glia signaling axis sustains synaptic specificity during allometric growth in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Jiale Fan et al.
    The work uncovers a muscle-epidermis-glia signaling axis, modulated by protease mig-17 and the basement membrane, that regulates synaptic allometry during growth in Caenorhabditis elegans.
    1. Neuroscience

    Presynaptic PTPσ regulates postsynaptic NMDA receptor function through direct adhesion-independent mechanisms

    Kyungdeok Kim et al.
    Presynaptic adhesion molecule PTPσ in the hippocampus regulates postsynaptic NMDA receptor function and behavioral novelty recognition through mechanisms independent of their trans-synaptic binding partners.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A Gata3–Mafb transcriptional network directs post-synaptic differentiation in synapses specialized for hearing

    Wei-Ming Yu et al.
    Genetic studies in mice identify the transcription factor MafB as a potent regulator of specific features of the synapses underlying hearing.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neurexin and Neuroligin-based adhesion complexes drive axonal arborisation growth independent of synaptic activity

    William D Constance et al.
    Axonal arborisation growth is regulated by dynamic, focal localisations of Neurexin and Neuroligin that provide stability for filopodia, enabling a 'stick and grow'-based mechanism, wholly independent of synapse formation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Multiple conserved cell adhesion protein interactions mediate neural wiring of a sensory circuit in C. elegans

    Byunghyuk Kim, Scott W Emmons
    The formation of neuronal connectivity of a C. elegans neuron pair is promoted by multiplexed interactions of neural cell adhesion proteins, which are evolutionarily conserved across animal taxa.
    1. Neuroscience

    LAR receptor phospho-tyrosine phosphatases regulate NMDA-receptor responses

    Alessandra Sclip, Thomas C Südhof
    LAR-RPTPs are not essential for synapse formation, but they are important determinants of synapse properties as they contribute to regulate postsynaptic NMDA receptor function.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neurexophilin4 is a selectively expressed α-neurexin ligand that modulates specific cerebellar synapses and motor functions

    Xiangling Meng et al.
    A combination of mouse genetics and biochemistry approaches reveals neurexophilin4 (Nxph4) as a context-specific α-neurexin ligand, which regulates Golgi-granule cell inhibitory synapses and motor functions.

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