381 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Rapid regulation of vesicle priming explains synaptic facilitation despite heterogeneous vesicle:Ca2+ channel distances

    Janus RL Kobbersmed et al.
    Heterogeneous distances between vesicles and Ca2+-channels make synapses prone to short-term depression, however, Ca2+-dependent increases in the number of release-ready vesicles supports facilitation even with broadly distributed vesicle:Ca2+-channel distances.
    1. Neuroscience

    Feedback inhibition and its control in an insect olfactory circuit

    Subhasis Ray et al.
    Electrophysiological recordings and a large-scale biophysical model show that a unique inhibitory neuron plays a central role in structuring olfactory codes in the insect brain.
    1. Neuroscience

    Incomplete vesicular docking limits synaptic strength under high release probability conditions

    Gerardo Malagon et al.
    The probability of occupancy of individual synaptic release sites at rest sets an upper limit to synaptic output when increasing action potential related calcium entry.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar modulation of synaptic input to freezing-related neurons in the periaqueductal gray

    Christopher E Vaaga et al.
    The mouse cerebellum regulates innate defensive neural circuitry by tonically controlling dopamine release in the periaqueductal gray, thereby modulating synaptic responses of the Chx10-positive neurons that generate freezing behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Kainate receptors regulate development of glutamatergic synaptic circuitry in the rodent amygdala

    Maria Ryazantseva et al.
    Glutamatergic projections from basolateral to central amygdala, implicated in neuropsychiatric disorders, develop rapidly during early postnatal period and their development is modulated via endogenously active kainate receptors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Proteome dynamics during homeostatic scaling in cultured neurons

    Aline Ricarda Dörrbaum et al.
    Dynamic SILAC labeling in combination with mass spectrometry revealed substantial regulation of protein synthesis, degradation, turnover, and abundance during homeostatic scaling in neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Prediction signals in the cerebellum: beyond supervised motor learning

    Court Hull
    Emerging evidence suggests a broad role for cerebellar circuits in generating and testing predictions about movement, reward, and diverse cognitive processes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Site-directed MT1-MMP trafficking and surface insertion regulate AChR clustering and remodeling at developing NMJs

    Zora Chui-Kuen Chan et al.
    Postsynaptic MT1-MMP serves as a molecular switch to synaptogenesis by clearing the surrounding ECM environment that allows effective deposition of nerve-derived synaptogenic factors to induce postsynaptic differentiation at developing NMJs.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Genetic inactivation of mTORC1 or mTORC2 in neurons reveals distinct functions in glutamatergic synaptic transmission

    Matthew P McCabe et al.
    The crucial regulator of brain function, mTOR, signals through distinct macromolecular complexes to control how synaptic vesicles are released from the presynaptic terminal.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Selectivity to approaching motion in retinal inputs to the dorsal visual pathway

    Todd R Appleby, Michael B Manookin
    Cells in the primate retina show unexpected sensitivity to approaching motion and optical flow.

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