618 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Calretinin positive neurons form an excitatory amplifier network in the spinal cord dorsal horn

    Kelly M Smith et al.
    A signal amplifier network that transmits mechanical pain is delineated through characterising an excitatory interneuron population in the spinal cord dorsal horn and defining the postsynaptic populations they regulate.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mechanisms of hyperexcitability in Alzheimer’s disease hiPSC-derived neurons and cerebral organoids vs isogenic controls

    Swagata Ghatak et al.
    Increased excitation and decreased inhibition associated with abnormal neuronal morphology, aberrant ion channel properties, and synaptic dysfunction contribute to hyperexcitability in Alzheimer’s disease hiPSC-derived neuronal cultures and cerebral organoids.
    1. Neuroscience

    A Drosophila model of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis CLN4 reveals a hypermorphic gain of function mechanism

    Elliot Imler et al.
    Genetic analysis of a CLN4 Drosophila model suggests that the disease-causing alleles act as dominant gain of function mutations that cause CSPα oligomerization and impair secretory and prelysosomal trafficking.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reliability of an interneuron response depends on an integrated sensory state

    May Dobosiewicz et al.
    A pair of interneurons in C. elegans condenses information from multiple sensory neurons into a uniform response, using an AND-gate logic to represent a stimulus with positive valence.
    1. Neuroscience

    Single cell transcriptome atlas of the Drosophila larval brain

    Clarisse Brunet Avalos et al.
    Single-cell transcriptomics identifies cellular composition of the first instar Drosophila brain and the response to starvation.
    1. Neuroscience

    High-throughput microcircuit analysis of individual human brains through next-generation multineuron patch-clamp

    Yangfan Peng et al.
    Combining a multineuron patch-clamp system with an automated pipette pressure and cleaning device enables efficient screening of synaptic connectivity in human brain slices and allows inter-individual comparison.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Gradient-independent Wnt signaling instructs asymmetric neurite pruning in C. elegans

    Menghao Lu, Kota Mizumoto
    Genetic analyses revealed the critical role of local Wnt in neuronal patterning by instructing neurite pruning.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar nuclei excitatory neurons regulate developmental scaling of presynaptic Purkinje cell number and organ growth

    Ryan T Willett et al.
    The first born excitatory cerebellar nuclei neurons influence the survival of their Purkinje cell partners which stimulate the expansion of granule cells and interneurons to produce functional local circuits.
    1. Neuroscience

    Interactions between Dpr11 and DIP-γ control selection of amacrine neurons in Drosophila color vision circuits

    Kaushiki P Menon et al.
    The survival of Drosophila amacrine neurons is controlled by neurotrophic signaling mediated by interactions between the cell surface protein DIP-γ and its partner Dpr11, which is expressed on presynaptic photoreceptors.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Synaptic mitochondria regulate hair-cell synapse size and function

    Hiu-tung C Wong et al.
    Mitochondrial calcium influx plays distinct roles in presynapse formation, function and stability in sensory hair cells.

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