406 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    The modulation of neural gain facilitates a transition between functional segregation and integration in the brain

    James M Shine et al.
    The flexible network architecture of the brain is sensitive to the modulation of neural gain, which may be mediated by ascending arousal nuclei, such as the noradrenergic locus coeruleus.
    1. Neuroscience

    Role of the visual experience-dependent nascent proteome in neuronal plasticity

    Han-Hsuan Liu et al.
    A screen of visual-experience induced changes in newly-synthesized proteins in Xenopus optic tectum identifies unexpected candidate plasticity proteins.
    1. Neuroscience

    Internal amino acid state modulates yeast taste neurons to support protein homeostasis in Drosophila

    Kathrin Steck et al.
    Two different classes of taste receptor neurons in the Drosophila melanogaster proboscis play distinct roles in yeast feeding and are both modulated by the fly's internal amino acid state in order to promote protein-specific appetite.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    KIF2A regulates the development of dentate granule cells and postnatal hippocampal wiring

    Noriko Homma et al.
    Postnatal KIF2A is a key regulator for axon/dendrite determination of developing dentate granule cells, and its loss developed apical axons in dentate molecular layer, broke hippocampal wiring, and induced temporal lobe epilepsy.
    1. Neuroscience

    Persistent activity in a recurrent circuit underlies courtship memory in Drosophila

    Xiaoliang Zhao et al.
    Persistent activity of dopaminergic neurons in a mushroom recurrent circuit lays the foundation for courtship memory in Drosophila.
    1. Neuroscience

    Activity-induced Ca2+ signaling in perisynaptic Schwann cells of the early postnatal mouse is mediated by P2Y1 receptors and regulates muscle fatigue

    Dante J Heredia et al.
    A genetic strategy reveals that the perisynaptic glial response to neural activity in one population of these glia regulates postsynaptic function and therefore muscle fatigue.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The synaptic ribbon is critical for sound encoding at high rates and with temporal precision

    Philippe Jean et al.
    The synaptic ribbon regulates calcium channel clustering and proper vesicle dynamics at cochlear inner hair cells to ensure precise sound encoding.
    1. Neuroscience

    The presynaptic ribbon maintains vesicle populations at the hair cell afferent fiber synapse

    Lars Becker et al.
    The auditory hair cell synaptic ribbon maintains vesicle pools near release sites in order to support sustained and timed vesicle release.
    1. Neuroscience

    Inhibition of oxidative stress in cholinergic projection neurons fully rescues aging-associated olfactory circuit degeneration in Drosophila

    Ashiq Hussain et al.
    Drosophila genetics and behavior reveal that oxidative stress induced axonal degeneration in a single class of neurons drives the functional decline of an entire neural network and the behavior it controls.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuronal activity determines distinct gliotransmitter release from a single astrocyte

    Ana Covelo, Alfonso Araque
    A single astrocyte can decode neuronal activity and, consequently, release distinct gliotransmitters that differentially regulate neurotransmission at single hippocampal synapses.

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