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    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Directional selectivity of afferent neurons in zebrafish neuromasts is regulated by Emx2 in presynaptic hair cells

    Young Rae Ji et al.
    Emx2 mediates the directional selectivity of neuromasts by regulating hair bundle orientation in hair cells, and by selecting afferent neuronal targets.
    1. Neuroscience

    Frequency-dependent mobilization of heterogeneous pools of synaptic vesicles shapes presynaptic plasticity

    Frédéric Doussau et al.
    The mobilization or silencing of two heterogeneous pools of synaptic vesicles via different frequencies probably enables granule cell to Purkinje cell synapses to better discriminate between the high-rate code of sensory information and background noise.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synapse-specific and compartmentalized expression of presynaptic homeostatic potentiation

    Xiling Li et al.
    Genetic and electrophysiological analyses reveal that the mechanisms orchestrating the induction and expression of homeostatic plasticity are compartmentalized and operate with exquisite specificity on both sides of the synapse.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    A novel region in the CaV2.1 α1 subunit C-terminus regulates fast synaptic vesicle fusion and vesicle docking at the mammalian presynaptic active zone

    Matthias Lübbert et al.
    A novel region in the CaV2.1 α1 subunit regulates coupling of synaptic vesicles to CaV2.1 calcium channels, synaptic vesicle release and docking, and the size of the fast and total releasable pools of synaptic vesicles.
    1. Neuroscience

    Protein kinase C is a calcium sensor for presynaptic short-term plasticity

    Diasynou Fioravante et al.
    Genetic and electrophysiology experiments provide the first direct evidence that protein kinase C is a calcium-sensing protein in post-tetanic potentiation, a form of synaptic plasticity that supports short-term memory.
    1. Neuroscience

    The presynaptic ribbon maintains vesicle populations at the hair cell afferent fiber synapse

    Lars Becker et al.
    The auditory hair cell synaptic ribbon maintains vesicle pools near release sites in order to support sustained and timed vesicle release.
    1. Neuroscience

    Light reintroduction after dark exposure reactivates plasticity in adults via perisynaptic activation of MMP-9

    Sachiko Murase et al.
    Light reintroduction (LRx) after dark exposure reactivates structural and functional plasticity in the adult mouse visual cortex by increasing the activity of MMP-9 at thalamo-cortical synapses.
    1. Neuroscience

    Slit2 as a β-catenin/Ctnnb1-dependent retrograde signal for presynaptic differentiation

    Haitao Wu et al.
    A novel retrograde signal is involved in nerve terminal differentiation at mouse neuromuscular junctions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Molecular mechanisms that stabilize short term synaptic plasticity during presynaptic homeostatic plasticity

    Jennifer M Ortega et al.
    Genetic and electrophysiological experiments define how homeostatic signaling stabilizes both the gain and short-term dynamic properties of neurotransmitter release, ensuring that synaptic information transfer remains robust to external perturbation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Homeostatic synaptic depression is achieved through a regulated decrease in presynaptic calcium channel abundance

    Michael A Gaviño et al.
    Experiments at synapses between nerve and muscle cells in genetically modified fruit flies reveal how neurons compensate for perturbations that would otherwise cause excessive synaptic transmission.