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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Crystal structures of DNA polymerase I capture novel intermediates in the DNA synthesis pathway

    Nicholas Chim et al.
    Insight into the mechanism of DNA synthesis is provided by the crystal structures of DNA polymerase intermediates.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    CEM500K, a large-scale heterogeneous unlabeled cellular electron microscopy image dataset for deep learning

    Ryan Conrad, Kedar Narayan
    'Cellular Electron Microscopy 500,000 images' (CEM500K) is a highly heterogeneous, information-rich, non-redundant, unlabeled EM dataset curated to pre-train DL algorithms for better model generalization on EM segmentation tasks.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    An experimentally validated network of nine haematopoietic transcription factors reveals mechanisms of cell state stability

    Judith Schütte et al.
    A computer model built on insights gained from comprehensive experimental analysis reveals mechanisms of blood stem cell regulation.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A Tad-like apparatus is required for contact-dependent prey killing in predatory social bacteria

    Sofiene Seef et al.
    First identification of the molecular determinants driving contact-dependent predation in Myxococcus..
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A tudor domain protein, SIMR-1, promotes siRNA production at piRNA-targeted mRNAs in C. elegans

    Kevin I Manage et al.
    SIMR-1 acts downstream of the piRNA pathway to promote siRNA amplification by the Mutator complex and localizes to perinuclear foci distinct from Mutator foci, P granules and Z granules.
    1. Medicine

    Loss of adaptive capacity in asthmatic patients revealed by biomarker fluctuation dynamics after rhinovirus challenge

    Anirban Sinha et al.
    Fluctuation of biomarkers is a novel way of studying system stability during stable and unstable states of health and disease, revealing the systems' ability to cope with external perturbations.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Calcium handling precedes cardiac differentiation to initiate the first heartbeat

    Richard CV Tyser et al.
    High-resolution live imaging reveals how and when the mouse heart first starts to beat during development and how the onset of beating impacts on heart muscle cell maturation and heart formation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mechanistic insights into the active site and allosteric communication pathways in human nonmuscle myosin-2C

    Krishna Chinthalapudi et al.
    R788 is part of an allosteric communication pathway that connects the converter at the distal end of the myosin motor domain via the relay helix with switch-2 of the active site.
    1. Neuroscience

    Massive normalization of olfactory bulb output in mice with a 'monoclonal nose'

    Benjamin Roland et al.
    Inhibitory circuits in the olfactory bulb can amplify or suppress sensory inputs over a wide range of intensities to generate robust mitral cell output.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural mechanism of ATP-independent transcription initiation by RNA polymerase I

    Yan Han et al.
    Structures of RNA polymerase I transcription machinery revealed a ratcheting motion within the complex in coordination with three distinct functional states, implicating a novel mechanism for promoter bubble opening in the absence of ATP hydrolysis.