107 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Plasmodium falciparum parasites deploy RhopH2 into the host erythrocyte to obtain nutrients, grow and replicate

    Natalie A Counihan et al.
    Plasmodium parasites secrete RhopH2 from the rhoptry organelle into their host red blood cell to facilitate the uptake of essential nutrients required for parasite replication and survival.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural organization of a major neuronal G protein regulator, the RGS7-Gβ5-R7BP complex

    Dipak N Patil et al.
    Atomic details on structural organization and conformational dynamics of the key regulator of neuronal signaling shed light on its allosteric regulation and role in regulating cellular pathways.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Estrogen receptor alpha somatic mutations Y537S and D538G confer breast cancer endocrine resistance by stabilizing the activating function-2 binding conformation

    Sean W Fanning et al.
    Two common mutant versions of estrogen receptor alpha achieve constitutive activity and hormone-resistance by preferentially adopting a suite of conformations that expose the coregulator-binding surface.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Resveratrol modulates the inflammatory response via an estrogen receptor-signal integration network

    Jerome C Nwachukwu et al.
    Anti-inflammatory effects of resveratrol are mediated by the estrogen receptor to coordinate a complex array of transcriptional coregulators, suggesting that estrogenic effects must be considered in the complex polypharmacology of resveratrol.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Dissection of specific binding of HIV-1 Gag to the 'packaging signal' in viral RNA

    Mauricio Comas-Garcia et al.
    While HIV-1 Gag protein binds tightly to several RNAs, it binds to the viral RNA 'packaging signal' with higher specificity than to control RNAs.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Bacterial OTU deubiquitinases regulate substrate ubiquitination upon Legionella infection

    Donghyuk Shin et al.
    A novel class of bacterial OTU deubiquitinases provides insights on the distinct roles of bacterial deubiquitinases in host–pathogen interactions.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A new protocol for single-cell RNA-seq reveals stochastic gene expression during lag phase in budding yeast

    Abbas Jariani et al.
    A new high-throughput method for single-cell RNA-seq in yeast cells shows how stochastic expression of glucose-repressed genes contributes to cell-to-cell differences during adaptation to an environmental change.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Cell-based HTS identifies a chemical chaperone for preventing ER protein aggregation and proteotoxicity

    Keisuke Kitakaze et al.
    Cell-based high-throughput screening identifies IBT21 as a chemical chaperone, that inhibits ER protein aggregation and prevents the cell death caused by a proteotoxin, the aggregation-prone prion protein.
    1. Cell Biology

    Splicing factors Sf3A2 and Prp31 have direct roles in mitotic chromosome segregation

    Claudia Pellacani et al.
    Extensive cytological and biochemical analyses show that the conserved Sf3A2 and Prp31 splicing factors bind microtubules and the Ndc80 complex, playing direct mitotic functions in both Drosophila and human mitosis.
    1. Cell Biology

    Membrane fluidity is regulated by the C. elegans transmembrane protein FLD-1 and its human homologs TLCD1/2

    Mario Ruiz et al.
    Inhibition of C. elegans FLD-1 or Human TLCD1/2 prevents saturated fat lipotoxicity by allowing increased levels of membrane phospholipids that contain fluidizing long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids.

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