9,102 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Criticality and degeneracy in injury-induced changes in primary afferent excitability and the implications for neuropathic pain

    Stéphanie Ratté et al.
    No single molecular change is uniquely necessary to cause neuropathic changes in primary afferent excitability; multiple different changes are sufficient.
    1. Neuroscience

    The corticospinal tract primarily modulates sensory inputs in the mouse lumbar cord

    Yunuen Moreno-Lopez et al.
    While the corticospinal tract is often considered exclusively as a motor path, a combination of intersectional viral strategy and in vivo electrophysiology reveals that, in the mouse lumbar cord, its main role is the modulation of sensory inputs.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cross-species cortical alignment identifies different types of anatomical reorganization in the primate temporal lobe

    Nicole Eichert et al.
    Cross-species alignment based on cortical myelin content can dissociate cortical expansion and relocation from changes in connectivity profiles in the temporal lobe of higher primates.
    1. Neuroscience

    Profound alteration in cutaneous primary afferent activity produced by inflammatory mediators

    Kristen M Smith-Edwards et al.
    Inflammatory pain, previously thought to result from increased activity in "pain" neurons, may in fact be due to wholesale changes in afferent output that includes increased and decreased activity that the brain interprets as pain.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Resistance to different anthracycline chemotherapeutics elicits distinct and actionable primary metabolic dependencies in breast cancer

    Shawn McGuirk et al.
    Breast cancer resistant to either doxorubicin or epirubicin relies on distinct primary metabolic processes, which can be targeted to reduce cancer progression.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pruriception and neuronal coding in nociceptor subtypes in human and nonhuman primates

    Amanda Klein et al.
    MRGPRD and MRGRPX1 are co-expressed in primate DRG neurons, but β-alanine and BAM8-22, preferentially activate CMH-subclasses, and co-activating different cutaneous nociceptors by pruritogens does not change itch sensation to pain.
    1. Cell Biology

    Dynein-2 intermediate chains play crucial but distinct roles in primary cilia formation and function

    Laura Vuolo et al.
    Genetic knock-outs of the dynein-2 intermediate chains reveals that both are essential for correct cilia function and transition zone organization, but play different functions in the assembly of dynein-2 motor and in primary cilia formation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    HAT cofactor TRRAP modulates microtubule dynamics via SP1 signaling to prevent neurodegeneration

    Alicia Tapias et al.
    The Trrap-HAT-Sp1 axis operates a conserved transcriptional program to control proper microtubule dynamics in brain homeostasis and prevents neurodegeneration.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Hepatocyte Growth Factor-mediated satellite cells niche perturbation promotes development of distinct sarcoma subtypes

    Deborah Morena et al.
    The functional relevance of stem cell niche perturbation in sarcomagenesis is defined and the mouse model presented provides a rationale for the use of combination therapy for the treatment of genetically heterogeneous sarcomas.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Quantitative uniqueness of human brain evolution revealed through phylogenetic comparative analysis

    Ian F Miller et al.
    The exceptionally large size of the human brain is the result of accelerating evolution towards larger brains in hominins, but is not the product of neocortical expansion.

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