3,462 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Asynchrony between virus diversity and antibody selection limits influenza virus evolution

    Dylan H Morris et al.
    Despite the virus' error prone polymerase, influenza virus antigenic evolution is rare, even in previously immune hosts, virus replication occurs before producing new antibodies.
    1. Neuroscience

    Principal cells of the brainstem’s interaural sound level detector are temporal differentiators rather than integrators

    Tom P Franken et al.
    Principal neurons of the brainstem nucleus comparing sound level at the two ears do not have the slow response properties previously attributed to them, but are instead specialized for fast weighing of excitation and inhibition.
    1. Neuroscience

    Non-linear dimensionality reduction on extracellular waveforms reveals cell type diversity in premotor cortex

    Eric Kenji Lee et al.
    WaveMAP is a novel approach that combines nonlinear dimensionality reduction with graph clustering on extracellular waveforms to reveal previously obscured cell type diversity in monkey cortex.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Graphical-model framework for automated annotation of cell identities in dense cellular images

    Shivesh Chaudhary et al.
    Unbiased and automatic annotation using structured prediction framework with efficiently built data-driven atlases is more accurate than registration-based methods for cell identifications in dense images and enables fast whole-brain analysis.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of human Frizzled5 by fiducial-assisted cryo-EM supports a heterodimeric mechanism of canonical Wnt signaling

    Naotaka Tsutsumi et al.
    Cryo-EM structure of monomeric human Frizzled5 was determined with a universal fiducial antibody at 3.7 Å overall resolution, which supports a simple Fzd/LRP6 heterodimerization mechanism of canonical Wnt/β-catenin signaling.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Intrinsic OXPHOS limitations underlie cellular bioenergetics in leukemia

    Margaret AM Nelson et al.
    Across a physiological span of ATP-free energy, leukemic mitochondria primarily consume, rather than produce, ATP.
    1. Neuroscience
    Scatter plot

    Science Forum: Ten common statistical mistakes to watch out for when writing or reviewing a manuscript

    Tamar R Makin, Jean-Jacques Orban de Xivry
    What can authors and reviewers do to keep common statistical mistakes out of the literature?
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetic mapping of etiologic brain cell types for obesity

    Pascal N Timshel et al.
    Unbiased computational integration of single-cell- and human genetics data shows that susceptibility to obesity is driven by a broad set of neuronal populations across the brain.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Medicine

    Effects of lifelong testosterone exposure on health and disease using Mendelian randomization

    Pedrum Mohammadi-Shemirani et al.
    Long-term increased testosterone improved body composition and bone density, but lowered HDL and raised risks of hypertension, androgenic alopecia, prostate cancer, and spinal stenosis in males.
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Neural signatures of α2-Adrenergic agonist-induced unconsciousness and awakening by antagonist

    Jesus Javier Ballesteros et al.
    Instant performance recovery is possible following general anesthesia-induced unconsciousness using antagonist, and the brain dynamics return abruptly to the awake state without intermediate recovery states.

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