3,765 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Extracting grid cell characteristics from place cell inputs using non-negative principal component analysis

    Yedidyah Dordek et al.
    Computational modeling of the brain’s navigation system reveals that place cells can drive the formation of hexagonal patterns experimentally observed in grid cells activity.
    1. Developmental Biology

    An abundant quiescent stem cell population in Drosophila Malpighian tubules protects principal cells from kidney stones

    Chenhui Wang, Allan C Spradling
    Drosophila renal stem cells are exceptional in abundance, require induction to produce a single cell type, principal cells, and mitigate damage during adulthood associated with external stresses.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    MreB filaments align along greatest principal membrane curvature to orient cell wall synthesis

    Saman Hussain et al.
    MreB filaments bind, orient, and move along the direction of greatest membrane curvature, thus orienting the insertion of new glycan strands around the cell circumference in a manner that may help establish and maintain rod shape.
    1. Neuroscience

    Perisomatic GABAergic synapses of basket cells effectively control principal neuron activity in amygdala networks

    Judit M Veres et al.
    Basket cells expressing parvalbumin or cholecystokinin provide equally effective control of principal neuron activity via their perisomatic synapses in the basal amygdala.
    1. Neuroscience

    Principal cells of the brainstem’s interaural sound level detector are temporal differentiators rather than integrators

    Tom P Franken et al.
    Principal neurons of the brainstem nucleus comparing sound level at the two ears do not have the slow response properties previously attributed to them, but are instead specialized for fast weighing of excitation and inhibition.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rhythmic coordination of hippocampal neurons during associative memory processing

    Lara M Rangel et al.
    Different rhythms uniquely contribute to task-related processing in the hippocampus, and changes in the rhythmic profile of the hippocampus reflect dynamic coordination of its cell activity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A general strategy to construct small molecule biosensors in eukaryotes

    Justin Feng et al.
    A new method for developing biosensors from ligand binding domains that have concentration-dependent and selective responses to small molecules in yeast, mammalian cells and plants.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dendritic nonlinearities are tuned for efficient spike-based computations in cortical circuits

    Balázs B Ujfalussy et al.
    Dendrites combine the inputs that they receive from other neurons using calculations that have been optimized for those particular input patterns.
    1. Cell Biology

    The transcription factor Hey and nuclear lamins specify and maintain cell identity

    Naama Flint Brodsly et al.
    Hey together with LaminC continuously supervise nuclear organisation and differentiated enterocyte identity, a regulation that is lost upon ageing, resulting in loss of gut homeostasis.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Mechanics and dynamics of translocating MreB filaments on curved membranes

    Felix Wong et al.
    Principal curvature-dependent motion of bacterial actin MreB results in localization consistent with all known literature.

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