1,198 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Microsecond interaural time difference discrimination restored by cochlear implants after neonatal deafness

    Nicole Rosskothen-Kuhl et al.
    Early deaf human CI users are often insensitive to sub-millisecond interaural time differences (ITDs); however, with synchronized CIs, early deafened rats learned to lateralize small ITDs near 50 µs.
    1. Ecology

    A gustatory receptor tuned to the steroid plant hormone brassinolide in Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae)

    Ke Yang et al.
    The gustatory receptor PxylGr34 is tuned to the steroid plant hormone brassinolide and mediates the deterrent effects of brassinolide on feeding and ovipositing behaviors in Plutella xylostella.
  1. Meta-Research: A retrospective analysis of the peer review of more than 75,000 Marie Curie proposals between 2007 and 2018

    David G Pina et al.
    A study of more than 75,000 grant proposals to the European Union indicates that the outcomes of the peer review process remain stable in response to changes in the way that peer review is organized.
    1. Neuroscience

    Oxytocin modulates human chemosensory decoding of sex in a dose-dependent manner

    Kepu Chen et al.
    Oxytocin, but not the structurally similar vasopressin, modulates both the chemosensory decoding of femininity in straight men and that of masculinity in gay men in an inverted-U-shaped manner.
    1. Medicine

    Science Forum: Improving preclinical studies through replications

    Natascha I Drude et al.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    A Bayesian approach to dynamic homology of morphological characters and the ancestral phenotype of jawed vertebrates

    Benedict King, Martin Rücklin
    The ancestor of all known jawed vertebrates possessed a maxilla and premaxilla and was similar in morphology to the 'maxillate placoderms' from China.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    A simple and effective F0 knockout method for rapid screening of behaviour and other complex phenotypes

    François Kroll et al.
    Zebrafish knockouts can be generated in a few hours directly from wild-type eggs and are suitable for studying continuous traits, including behaviour.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A Bayesian analysis of the association between Leukotriene A4 Hydrolase genotype and survival in tuberculous meningitis

    Laura Whitworth et al.
    In this ideal example of pharmacogenomics, individuals with a common variant in a gene encoding for an inflammatory lipid mediator benefit selectively from standard-of-care anti-inflammatory treatment used for tuberculous meningitis.
    1. Cancer Biology

    MYC regulates ribosome biogenesis and mitochondrial gene expression programs through its interaction with host cell factor–1

    Tessa M Popay et al.
    Interaction of oncoprotein transcription factor MYC with chromatin-associated protein host cell factor–1 controls expression of genes important for ribosome biogenesis and mitochondrial vigor, loss of which promotes tumor regression.

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