304 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Unusual prism adaptation reveals how grasping is controlled

    Willemijn D Schot et al.
    Adapting single-digit movements in opposite directions makes people open their grip in accordance with the adaptations of the individual digits, showing that grip aperture arises from goal-directed movements of the digits rather than being controlled independently.
    1. Neuroscience

    Induced sensorimotor cortex plasticity remediates chronic treatment-resistant visual neglect

    Jacinta O'Shea et al.
    Tonic disinhibition of left motor cortex during prism adaptation enhanced consolidation of sensorimotor and cognitive prism after effects, causing lasting clinical gains in three patient cases with chronic treatment-resistant visual neglect.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Control of brown adipose tissue adaptation to nutrient stress by the activin receptor ALK7

    Patricia Marmol et al.
    The activin receptor ALK7 regulates the adaptation of brown adipose tissue to nutrient availability by preventing over-activation of signaling pathways induced by fasting, allowing appropriate response to cold exposure.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    The dynamic interplay of host and viral enzymes in type III CRISPR-mediated cyclic nucleotide signalling

    Januka S Athukoralage et al.
    The dynamic interplay between type III CRISPR enzymes governs cyclic nucleotide levels and infection outcomes in virus-host conflict.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cross-species cortical alignment identifies different types of anatomical reorganization in the primate temporal lobe

    Nicole Eichert et al.
    Cross-species alignment based on cortical myelin content can dissociate cortical expansion and relocation from changes in connectivity profiles in the temporal lobe of higher primates.
    1. Neuroscience

    Lamina-specific AMPA receptor dynamics following visual deprivation in vivo

    Han L Tan et al.
    Longitudinal imaging of synapses in the brain shows that sensory deprivation differentially modifies specific synapses within individual neurons across distinct layers of the sensory cortex.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Revisiting the role of Dcc in visual system development with a novel eye clearing method

    Robin J Vigouroux et al.
    A new eye-specific Dcc mutant combined with an improved clearing protocol for the eye and brain (EyeDISCO) reveals the requirement of the receptor Dcc for retinal development and maintenance.
    1. Neuroscience

    mTORC1 in the orbitofrontal cortex promotes habitual alcohol seeking

    Nadege Morisot et al.
    In the orbitofrontal cortex, mTORC1, a multiprotein complex centered around the kinase mTOR, contributes to the development and/or maintenance of habitual alcohol seeking.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Drosophila macrophages switch to aerobic glycolysis to mount effective antibacterial defense

    Gabriela Krejčová et al.
    Activated Drosophila macrophages undergo transient metabolic remodeling towards Hypoxia inducible factor 1 α-driven aerobic glycolysis, a program that induces systemic metabolic changes and is crucial for resistance to infection.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Transcriptional adaptation in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Vahan Serobyan et al.
    Genes implicated in mutant mRNA decay and small RNA maturation and transport into the nucleus are required for transcriptional adaptation in C. elegans.

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