306 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Attenuation of dopamine-modulated prefrontal value signals underlies probabilistic reward learning deficits in old age

    Lieke de Boer et al.
    Attenuated anticipatory activity in ventromedial prefrontal cortex is modulated by dopamine D1 receptor density in nucleus accumbens, and accounts for impaired probabilistic reward learning in older adults.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural structure mapping in human probabilistic reward learning

    Fabrice Luyckx et al.
    During learning, human neural codes for experienced reward probability map onto the same mental number line for symbolic numbers.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Meta-Research: Task specialization across research careers

    Nicolas Robinson-Garcia et al.
    An analysis of author contribution statements in a large number of published papers reveals biases in the career trajectories of scientists.
  1. Scientist and Parent: The bereaved parent

    Edward Wallace
    The impacts of grief are long-lasting, but support from colleagues provides some relief.
    1. Neuroscience

    Integrated externally and internally generated task predictions jointly guide cognitive control in prefrontal cortex

    Jiefeng Jiang et al.
    The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex integrates concurrent externally and internally generated predictions of task demand to guide information processing, while the medial prefrontal cortex corrects its prediction error based on actual task demand.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar learning using perturbations

    Guy Bouvier et al.
    A proposal for a complete cellular/network implementation of trial-and-error motor learning in the olivo-cerebellar system.
    1. Neuroscience

    Elementary sensory-motor transformations underlying olfactory navigation in walking fruit-flies

    Efrén Álvarez-Salvado et al.
    A high-throughput behavioral paradigm and computational modeling are used to decompose olfactory navigation in walking Drosophila melanogaster into a set of quantitative relationships between sensory input and motor output.
    1. Neuroscience

    Comprehensive machine learning analysis of Hydra behavior reveals a stable basal behavioral repertoire

    Shuting Han et al.
    A novel automated behavior analysis method for Hydra identifies pre-defined and new behavior types, and reveals a stable behavior repertoire.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Post-decision biases reveal a self-consistency principle in perceptual inference

    Long Luu, Alan A Stocker
    Humans are biased in their assessment of sensory information by their own preceding categorical judgment in an attempt to remain self-consistent.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Conjunction of factors triggering waves of seasonal influenza

    Ishanu Chattopadhyay et al.
    Three complementary computational approaches reveal a set of putative causes of initiation of pan-USA waves of influenza.

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