45 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    RNA-dependent RNA targeting by CRISPR-Cas9

    Steven C Strutt et al.
    Divergent Cas9 enzymes direct site-specific single-stranded RNA cleavage, reducing infection by RNA phage in vivo and enabling programmable, PAM-independent repression of gene expression in bacteria.
    1. Genes and Chromosomes

    Targeted genome editing by lentiviral protein transduction of zinc-finger and TAL-effector nucleases

    Yujia Cai et al.
    Lentiviral protein transduction offers a new approach for administration of custom-designed nucleases, leading to high-efficacy targeted gene editing and reduced off-target activity after virus-directed delivery of programmable nuclease proteins.
    1. Ecology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Point of View: A transatlantic perspective on 20 emerging issues in biological engineering

    Bonnie C Wintle et al.
    Horizon scanning has been used to identify opportunities and risks presented by 20 emerging issues in the field of biological engineering.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Point of View: How should the applications of genome editing be assessed and regulated?

    Robin Fears, Volker ter Meulen
    An EASAC working group on genome editing recommends that regulators should focus on specific applications of these new techniques rather than attempting to regulate genome editing itself as a new technology.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells
    2. Genes and Chromosomes

    Science Forum: Considerations when investigating lncRNA function in vivo

    Andrew R Bassett et al.
    We discuss the methods available to understand lncRNA function in vivo, and highlight important considerations that should be taken into account when designing such experiments.
    1. Neuroscience

    Tracking individual action potentials throughout mammalian axonal arbors

    Milos Radivojevic et al.
    A method was developed to non-invasively and simultaneously track individual action-potentials propagating across multiple branches of identified neurons in neocortical cultures.
    1. Neuroscience

    Individual differences in selective attention predict speech identification at a cocktail party

    Daniel Oberfeld, Felicitas Klöckner-Nowotny
    Cocktail-party listening performance in normal-hearing listeners is associated with the ability to focus attention on a target stimulus in the presence of distractors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ring finger protein 10 is a novel synaptonuclear messenger encoding activation of NMDA receptors in hippocampus

    Margarita C Dinamarca et al.
    A protein called RNF10 relays messages from synapses to neuron cell nuclei, and is responsible for long-lasting modifications of dendritic spines as observed after activation of synaptic glutamate receptors.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genes and Chromosomes

    Enhanced homology-directed human genome engineering by controlled timing of CRISPR/Cas9 delivery

    Steven Lin et al.
    Building on previous work (Jinek et al., 2013), we report a simple and robust system to achieve high fidelity and high efficiency (30% of homologous recombination) genome engineering by homology-directed repair pathway in human cells using cell cycle synchronization and timed delivery of Cas9 ribonucleoprotein complexes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Intraneural stimulation elicits discrimination of textural features by artificial fingertip in intact and amputee humans

    Calogero Maria Oddo et al.
    Delivering specific patterns of electrical activity to the median nerve of the arm triggers reliable sensations of texture, suggesting that it may ultimately be possible to restore complex tactile information to users of prosthetic limbs.

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