Sister projection neurons in the mammalian olfactory system do not share sensory synaptic input indicating that lineage-independent mechanisms regulate their synaptic connectivity with the olfactory sensory neurons.
A learning-induced, motor-related, projection-specific signal from S1 to S2 accompanies reward-based-learning of a goal-directed sensorimotor transformation of whisker sensation into licking motor output.
Neurons in the fruit fly olfactory system respond most strongly to the sudden appearance of an odor, and to odors that are changing rapidly in strength, but are relatively insensitive to the absolute levels of an odor.
Lmo4 specifies two neuron subclasses in the mouse neocortex by promoting postnatal co-expression of the transcription factors Ctip2 and Satb2 via chromatin remodelling in a time and area-specific manner.
Dopamine neurons projecting to different targets receive a similar set of inputs, rather than forming reciprocal connections, whereas those projecting to the posterior striatum receive a distinct set of inputs.
In mouse models of Huntington's disease, striatal spiny projection neurons up-regulate dendritic potassium channels, which impairs their normal function, but a zinc finger gene therapy can reverse this deficit.
Precisely sequenced patterns of neuronal activity associated with the production of a skilled behavior begin and end as part of orchestrated activity across functionally diverse populations of cortical premotor neurons.