2,965 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Synaptojanin cooperates in vivo with endophilin through an unexpected mechanism

    Yongming Dong et al.
    The Sac1 phosphatase domain, rather than the proline-rich domain, plays an essential role in synaptojanin activity during endocytosis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A proline-rich motif on VGLUT1 reduces synaptic vesicle super-pool and spontaneous release frequency

    Xiao Min Zhang et al.
    In mammals, the vesicular glutamate transporter 1 acquired a proline-rich sequence that negatively regulates the spontaneous release of glutamate by reducing the exchange of synaptic vesicles along the axon.
    1. Cell Biology

    Switch-like Arp2/3 activation upon WASP and WIP recruitment to an apparent threshold level by multivalent linker proteins in vivo

    Yidi Sun et al.
    Intersectin counterparts in yeast recruit WASP and WIP to endocytic sites to establish a robust multivalent SH3 domain-PRM interaction network which gives actin assembly onset a switch-like behavior in vivo.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Crystal structures of the CPAP/STIL complex reveal its role in centriole assembly and human microcephaly

    Matthew A Cottee et al.
    Structural analyses of the centriole proteins CPAP and STIL identify domains that are critical for centriole formation and provide a structural explanation for a mutation that causes human microcephaly.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for the recognition of spliceosomal SmN/B/B’ proteins by the RBM5 OCRE domain in splicing regulation

    André Mourão et al.
    Interactions with Sm proteins can provide a way in which regulatory factors can modulate alternative splice site choices.
    1. Plant Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Protein engineering expands the effector recognition profile of a rice NLR immune receptor

    Juan Carlos De la Concepcion et al.
    Structure-led protein engineering can expand the effector recognition profile of plant intracellular NLR immune receptors, providing a proof-of-principle for the development of novel disease resistance mechanisms in plants.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    High-resolution structures of kinesin on microtubules provide a basis for nucleotide-gated force-generation

    Zhiguo Shang et al.
    Microtubule attachment fundamentally modifies kinesin's behavior by triggering a ‘clamshell’ opening of the nucleotide cleft, subsequently reversed by ATP binding, that couples to cargo translocation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Structural mechanism of ligand activation in human calcium-sensing receptor

    Yong Geng et al.
    L-amino acids are agonists of calcium-sensing receptor, and act jointly with calcium and phosphate ions to control receptor function.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Slowly folding surface extension in the prototypic avian hepatitis B virus capsid governs stability

    Cihan Makbul et al.
    Duck Hepatitis B core protein forms capsids with a slowly folding extension domain which folding competence is important for viral replication.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cooperative unfolding of distinctive mechanoreceptor domains transduces force into signals

    Lining Ju et al.
    New biophysical methods and analyses visualize in real-time a chain of coordinated single-molecular events on a living cell, enabling the inner workings of a mechanoreceptor important to biology to be elucidated.

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