7,085 results found
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Different promoter affinities account for specificity in MYC-dependent gene regulation

    Francesca Lorenzin et al.
    Differences in promoter affinity and MYC levels explain distinct expression profiles induced by physiological and oncogenic MYC.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Defining the location of promoter-associated R-loops at near-nucleotide resolution using bisDRIP-seq

    Jason G Dumelie, Samie R Jaffrey
    Genome-wide profiling of R-loops at near single-nucleotide resolution reveals distinct R-loop boundaries depending on the presence and location of the first exon-intron junction.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of a bacterial RNA polymerase holoenzyme open promoter complex

    Brian Bae et al.
    The crystal structure of bacterial RNA polymerase bound to the transcription bubble reveals key features that support the formation of a double-strand/single-strand DNA junction at the upstream edge of the −10 element where bubble formation initiates.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The nucleosomal barrier to promoter escape by RNA polymerase II is overcome by the chromatin remodeler Chd1

    Peter J Skene et al.
    The ATP-dependent chromatin remodeler Chd1 controls nucleosome turnover to allow RNA Polymerase to transcribe in vivo.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Effective dynamics of nucleosome configurations at the yeast PHO5 promoter

    Michael Roland Wolff et al.
    The integration of multi-nucleosome configuration data with histone turnover and new chromatin accessibility data by systematically investigated 'regulated on-off-slide' models reveals promoter state transitions regulated by just one assembly process.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Loss of Dnmt3a and Dnmt3b does not affect epidermal homeostasis but promotes squamous transformation through PPAR-γ

    Lorenzo Rinaldi et al.
    Dnmt3a and Dnmt3b are dispensable for epidermal homeostasis but act as potent tumor suppressors regarding skin squamous tumorigenesis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Constitutive turnover of histone H2A.Z at yeast promoters requires the preinitiation complex

    Michael Tramantano et al.
    The transcription machinery is required for the disassembly of the promoter-proximal H2A.Z nucleosome, contributing to the constitutive histone turnover at yeast promoters.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The chromatin remodelers RSC and ISW1 display functional and chromatin-based promoter antagonism

    Timothy J Parnell et al.
    A combination of genetics, expression, genomic localization, and genomic nucleosome profiling demonstrates antagonism between two chromatin remodelers that reveal different mechanisms at different promoter architectures.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Microbiota-derived short chain fatty acids modulate microglia and promote Aβ plaque deposition

    Alessio Vittorio Colombo et al.
    Experiments in a mouse model for Alzheimer’s disease using germ-free and conventionally housed animals reveal that microbiota-derived short-chain fatty acids promote the deposition of cerebral Aβ plaques.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetic effects on promoter usage are highly context-specific and contribute to complex traits

    Kaur Alasoo et al.
    Re-analysis of large gene expression datasets with state-of-the-art quantification methods reveals additional candidate genes mediating complex trait associations.

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