155 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    The proneural wave in the Drosophila optic lobe is driven by an excitable reaction-diffusion mechanism

    David J Jörg et al.
    A model of signalling pathways interacting with proneural gene expression explains the sequential patterning of the largest visual processing centre in the developing Drosophila brain.
    1. Developmental Biology

    E proteins sharpen neurogenesis by modulating proneural bHLH transcription factors’ activity in an E-box-dependent manner

    Gwenvael Le Dréau et al.
    Rather than acting as passive and neutral co-factors for proneural proteins, E proteins play an active role in modulating the way the distinct proneural proteins instruct neurogenesis.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    The neural crest is a source of mesenchymal stem cells with specialized hematopoietic stem cell niche function

    Joan Isern et al.
    Developing long bones contain distinct mesenchymal stem-cell populations derived from mesoderm and neural crest, which have specialized functions in skeleton formation and the establishment of the hematopoietic stem-cell niche, respectively.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Dissecting the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironments in Glioblastoma-on-a-Chip for optimized PD-1 immunotherapy

    Xin Cui et al.
    A biomimetic and patient-specific Glioblastoma-on-a-Chip microphysiological system provides an avenue for personalized screening of PD-1 immunotherapy and novel combinational therapies that maximize therapeutic outcomes in Glioblastoma patients.
    1. Neuroscience

    Network-wide reorganization of procedural memory during NREM sleep revealed by fMRI

    Shahabeddin Vahdat et al.
    Non-REM sleep is essential in the restoration of initial motor memory trace and gradual reorganization of newly-learned information underlying human procedural memory consolidation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Frontal beta-theta network during REM sleep

    Sujith Vijayan et al.
    Two regions of the frontal lobe – the anterior cingulate cortex and, unexpectedly, the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex – show coordinated rhythmic activity during REM sleep.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Regulation of the Drosophila ID protein Extra macrochaetae by proneural dimerization partners

    Ke Li, Nicholas E Baker
    Developmental genetic and cell culture studies indicate that the Inhibitor of DNA-binding protein Extra macrochaetae (Emc), previously thought to determine where bHLH proteins can act, is itself regulated by those bHLH dimerization partners at the level of protein stability.
    1. Cancer Biology

    NF1 regulates mesenchymal glioblastoma plasticity and aggressiveness through the AP-1 transcription factor FOSL1

    Carolina Marques et al.
    Neurofibromatosis type 1 gene (NF1) signaling is causally linked to the acquisition of a mesenchymal gene expression program in gliomas through the regulation of the AP-1 transcription factor FOSL1.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Inactivation of the ATMIN/ATM pathway protects against glioblastoma formation

    Sophia M Blake et al.
    Deletion of the ATM cofactor ATMIN reduces PDGFRA expression and strongly suppresses tumorigenesis in a TP53-deficient mouse model of glioblastoma.
    1. Neuroscience

    Long-term potentiation is independent of the C-tail of the GluA1 AMPA receptor subunit

    Javier Díaz-Alonso et al.
    Despite being the key element of the classic model for excitatory synaptic plasticity, the cytoplasmic AMPA receptor C-tail is not required for hippocampal LTP.

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