37 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    The causal role of the somatosensory cortex in prosocial behaviour

    Selene Gallo et al.
    A combination of human imaging and brain stimulation techniques show that the somatosensory cortex is essential to prosocial decision making, by transforming observed pain in accurate perception of others' distress.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Sex-specific effects of cooperative breeding and colonial nesting on prosociality in corvids

    Lisa Horn et al.
    A systematic experimental comparison of prosocial behavior in eight corvid species reveals sex-specific effects of cooperative breeding and colonial nesting, thereby adding important new insights regarding the evolution of prosociality.
    1. Neuroscience

    A causal role for right temporo-parietal junction in signaling moral conflict

    Ignacio Obeso et al.
    Disrupting the right temporo-parietal junction did not change the general motivation to give or adapt behavior to social reputation cues, but specifically reduced the impact of moral-material conflict.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural correlates of ingroup bias for prosociality in rats

    Inbal Ben-Ami Bartal et al.
    A distinct neural network, including the nucleus accumbens as a central hub, is active when rats are exposed to trapped ingroup members they had previously helped escape a trap, but not for outgroup members who had not been helped.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Altered corticolimbic connectivity reveals sex-specific adolescent outcomes in a rat model of early life adversity

    Jennifer A Honeycutt et al.
    Early life adversity led to hyper-innervation from the basolateral amygdala to the prefrontal cortex earlier in females than males and disrupted maturation of functional connectivity, which predicted anxiety-like outcomes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rat behavior and dopamine release are modulated by conspecific distress

    Nina T Lichtenberg et al.
    Rat behavior and dopamine release are preferentially modulated by subjective rather than objective evaluation of outcomes in a social setting.
    1. Ecology

    Group size and composition influence collective movement in a highly social terrestrial bird

    Danai Papageorgiou, Damien Roger Farine
    High-resolution GPS data revealed a quadratic relationship between group size and movement, with vulturine guineafowl groups of intermediate size exhibiting the largest home-range size and greater variation in site use.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The olfactory critical period is determined by activity-dependent Sema7A/PlxnC1 signaling within glomeruli

    Nobuko Inoue et al.
    The critical period in the mouse olfactory system is defined by activity-dependent synapse formation induced by Semaphorin7A/PlexinC1 signaling in the neonatal glomeruli.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Persistent effects of pair bonding in lung cancer cell growth in monogamous Peromyscus californicus

    Asieh Naderi et al.
    Monogamous rodents of the genus Peromyscus, upon disruption of pair bonds, acquire increased oncogenic activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cognitive regulation alters social and dietary choice by changing attribute representations in domain-general and domain-specific brain circuits

    Anita Tusche, Cendri A Hutcherson
    Regulatory success operates by goal-consistent increases and decreases of distinct attribute representations in generic neural hubs and in domain-specific brain regions, explaining when and why regulatory success generalizes across domains and contexts.

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