This review considers the evolutionary processes and physiological mechanisms that maintain or end pregnancy in mammals to formulate general, testable theoretical models that provide insights into the biology of parturition.
Arbitration is formalised as the relative precision of predictions afforded by reward and social learning systems and is represented in modality-specific dopaminergic and dopaminoceptive regions, including the midbrain and amygdala.
Behavioral pharmacology and molecular biology reveal a translational control mechanism underlying auditory imprinting and structural plasticity that can be pharmacologically manipulated to reopen the critical period.
Assessments using chemogenetic and pharmacological approaches reveal that modulation of the activities of oxytocin neurons in the hypothalamus of the central nervous system could inhibit colorectal cancer progression in mice.
Oxytocin was found to significantly improve non-social decision making in a healthy sample, suggesting a domain-general function of the hormone, in contrast to its previously hypothesized social domain specificity.