670 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    How prolonged expression of Hunchback, a temporal transcription factor, re-wires locomotor circuits

    Julia L Meng et al.
    In vivo stem cell reprogramming in the well-studied stem cell NB7-1 using the classic temporal transcription factor Hunchback increases motor neuron number and re-specifies dendritic morphology and neuromuscular synaptic partnerships.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Two mechanisms regulate directional cell growth in Arabidopsis lateral roots

    Charlotte Kirchhelle et al.
    In lateral roots, cells employ a novel pathway to cell edges to control directional growth, which acts independently of the leading paradigm of oriented deposition of cellulose microfibrils at faces.
    1. Neuroscience

    Evolution of neuronal anatomy and circuitry in two highly divergent nematode species

    Ray L Hong et al.
    The substrate for evolutionary divergence does not lie in changes in neuronal cell number or targeting, but rather in sensory perception and synaptic partner choice within invariant, prepatterned neuronal processes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Heparan sulfates are critical regulators of the inhibitory megakaryocyte-platelet receptor G6b-B

    Timo Vögtle et al.
    Heparan sulfates in the vessel wall bind and regulate signaling from the megakaryocyte/platelet-specific inhibitory receptor G6b-B, a critical regulator of platelet homeostasis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Increased expression of heme-binding protein 1 early in Alzheimer's disease is linked to neurotoxicity

    Oleksandr Yagensky et al.
    Increased levels of brain Hebp1 starting from the presymptomatic stage of Alzheimer’s disease contributes to progressive neuronal loss by triggering mitochondrial-dependent apoptosis in neurons exposed to elevated heme.
    1. Neuroscience

    Representational untangling by the firing rate nonlinearity in V1 simple cells

    Merse E Gáspár et al.
    Firing rate nonlinearity recovers linear decodability of orientation information from simple cells of the primary visual cortex under uncertainty of nuisance parameters phase and spatial frequency.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spatial Navigation: A question of scale

    Muireann Irish, Siddharth Ramanan
    An fMRI experiment reveals distinct brain regions that respond in a graded manner as humans process distance information across increasing spatial scales.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Processing of different spatial scales in the human brain

    Michael Peer et al.
    When subjects perform spatial judgments in environments of increasing scale, brain activity shifts along posterior-anterior gradients, advancing from the visual system to the default-mode network.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Seminal fluid compromises visual perception in honeybee queens reducing their survival during additional mating flights

    Joanito Liberti et al.
    After insemination, honeybee queens experience a rapid reduction in vision and flight performance, consistent with an ongoing sexual conflict over the number of mating flights that queens embark on.
    1. Neuroscience

    HCN channel-mediated neuromodulation can control action potential velocity and fidelity in central axons

    Niklas Byczkowicz et al.
    The cAMP-HCN pathway can control action potential conduction velocity providing neuromodulators with the ability to tune energy consumption and temporal delays across axons in the brain.

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