395 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    A virtual burrow assay for head–fixed mice measures habituation, discrimination, exploration and avoidance without training

    Andrew JP Fink et al.
    A naturalistic assay for head-fixed mice permits observation of a diverse set of innate and learned behaviors without requiring any training.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Stiffness and tension gradients of the hair cell’s tip-link complex in the mammalian cochlea

    Mélanie Tobin et al.
    The tip-link complex of the hair cell is mechanically tuned along the tonotopic axis of the cochlea.
    1. Neuroscience

    Valence-encoding in the lateral habenula arises from the entopeduncular region

    Hao Li et al.
    Lateral habenula neurons participate in motivated behavior via their activation by negative affective stimuli, a major source of which arises from the rostral entopeduncular nucleus.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Intergenerational epigenetic inheritance of cancer susceptibility in mammals

    Bluma J Lesch et al.
    Genetic knockout of the histone demethylase Kdm6a in the mouse germ line leads to elevated cancer incidence in genetically wild type offspring.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Mechanical instability and interfacial energy drive biofilm morphogenesis

    Jing Yan et al.
    Mechanical instabilities are shown to underlie the development of bacterial biofilm morphology, suggesting an ancient origin for mechano-morphogenesis, which is known to drive developmental processes in tissues in higher organisms.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Conformational and dynamic plasticity in substrate-binding proteins underlies selective transport in ABC importers

    Marijn de Boer et al.
    Selective import via bacterial ABC importers is facilitated by a hitherto unrecognized complexity in the conformational dynamics of the substrate-binding proteins.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM reveals distinct conformations of E. coli ATP synthase on exposure to ATP

    Meghna Sobti et al.
    Cryo-EM studies reveal that incubation with ATP produces conformational intermediates of E. coli ATP synthase, in which the ε subunit is no longer in its autoinhibitory conformation.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Renal medullary carcinomas depend upon SMARCB1 loss and are sensitive to proteasome inhibition

    Andrew L Hong et al.
    Faithful models of RMC require SMARCB1 loss for survival, and genetic and small-molecule screens identify inhibition of the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) as a potential therapeutic approach for SMARCB1 deficient cancers.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural mechanisms of phospholipid activation of the human TPC2 channel

    Ji She et al.
    Cryo-EM structures of human TPC2 channel in the ligand-bound and apo states reveal the structural mechanism of PI(3,5)P2 lipid regulated gating of TPC2.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Replication Study: The microRNA miR-34a inhibits prostate cancer stem cells and metastasis by directly repressing CD44

    Xuefei Yan et al.
    Editors' Summary: This Replication Study did not reproduce those experiments in the original paper that it attempted to reproduce.

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