313 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Crystal structure of intraflagellar transport protein 80 reveals a homo-dimer required for ciliogenesis

    Michael Taschner et al.
    CRISPR/Cas knockout of intraflagellar transport protein 80 shows that this subunit is absolutely required for ciliogenesis, and biophysical studies reveal that this protein may dimerize the intraflagellar transport complex.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Somatic hypermutation of T cell receptor α chain contributes to selection in nurse shark thymus

    Jeannine A Ott et al.
    Shark's T cells suggest plasticity in diversification mechanisms used by vertebrate lymphocytes, including somatic hypermutation in the thymus.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning place cells, grid cells and invariances with excitatory and inhibitory plasticity

    Simon Nikolaus Weber, Henning Sprekeler
    A large variety of spatial representations implied in rodent navigation could arise robustly and rapidly from inputs with a weak spatial structure, by an interaction of excitatory and inhibitory synaptic plasticity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Fast and accurate edge orientation processing during object manipulation

    J Andrew Pruszynski et al.
    Tactile edge orientation processing during object manipulation is many times better than previously thought based on perceptual studies.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Wnt5a signaling induced phosphorylation increases APT1 activity and promotes melanoma metastatic behavior

    Rochelle Shirin Sadeghi et al.
    Phosphorylation of serine residues 209 and 210 on APT1 increases its depalmitoylating activity, promoting Wnt5a mediated melanoma cell invasion.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Hexameric and pentameric complexes of the ExbBD energizer in the Ton system

    Saori Maki-Yonekura et al.
    Crystallography and single particle cryo-EM reveal hexameric and pentameric structures of the ExbBD energizer in the Ton system and oligomeric transition, which provides a unique working mechanism and a new vision of dynamic membrane biology.
    1. Neuroscience

    Differential 3’ processing of specific transcripts expands regulatory and protein diversity across neuronal cell types

    Saša Jereb et al.
    Differential expression of 3'UTR isoforms expands regulatory and protein diversity in cerebellar Purkinje and granule cells and during granule cell development.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells
    2. Neuroscience

    Evolution and cell-type specificity of human-specific genes preferentially expressed in progenitors of fetal neocortex

    Marta Florio et al.
    Transcriptomic and genomic analysis provides a resource of 50 primate-specific genes preferentially expressed in neural progenitors of fetal human neocortex, 15 of which are specific to humans.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Two distinct DNA sequences recognized by transcription factors represent enthalpy and entropy optima

    Ekaterina Morgunova et al.
    The epistasis observed in TF-DNA binding preferences can be explained by the presence of two optima of very similar Gibbs energy that are located relatively far from each other in sequence space.

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