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    1. Neuroscience

    Mechanisms that allow cortical preparatory activity without inappropriate movement

    Timothy R Darlington, Stephen G Lisberger
    The use of preparatory activity in the smooth eye movement region of the frontal eye fields as a visual-motor gain signal allows preparation to progress without inappropriate movement.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Myosin V executes steps of variable length via structurally constrained diffusion

    David Hathcock et al.
    A theoretical model comprehensively describes the stepping dynamics of the motor protein myosin V, unraveling the significance of a recently discovered structural constraint on the angle between its lever arms.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Histone Methylation: Navigating the structure of COMPASS

    Karolin Luger, Jonathan W Markert
    Cryo-electron microscopy reveals how ubiquitination promotes the methylation of histone H3 by the histone-modifying complex COMPASS.
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    1. Developmental Biology

    Embryonic geometry underlies phenotypic variation in decanalized conditions

    Anqi Huang et al.
    Gene regulatory networks incorporate information of the embryonic geometrical parameters to give rise to differential individual patterning outputs under decanalized genetics backgrounds.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Dynamic post-translational modification profiling of Mycobacterium tuberculosis-infected primary macrophages

    Jonathan M Budzik et al.
    Measurement of post-translational modifications in primary macrophages infected with Mtb revealed phosphorylation of TAX1BP1, an autophagy receptor that enables full maturation of the Mtb autophagosome.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structures demonstrate human IMPDH2 filament assembly tunes allosteric regulation

    Matthew C Johnson, Justin M Kollman
    Assembly of the human enzyme inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase 2 into filaments promotes substrate-dependent resistance to feedback inhibition by downstream products, promoting increased flux during proliferative states.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of the AAA protein Msp1 reveals mechanism of mislocalized membrane protein extraction

    Lan Wang et al.
    Msp1 recruits substrates at the open seam of the spiral oligomer and extracts them with functionally adapted elements.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    CNApp, a tool for the quantification of copy number alterations and integrative analysis revealing clinical implications

    Sebastià Franch-Expósito et al.
    CNApp is a novel and unique web-based software that enables the performance of comprehensive and integrative analysis of genomic copy number alterations to uncover new associations with patient-oriented relevance.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    High-speed motility originates from cooperatively pushing and pulling flagella bundles in bilophotrichous bacteria

    Klaas Bente et al.
    Bacteria reach swimming speeds of several hundred body lengths per second and change direction in less than 5 ms by using coordinated flagella bundle agitation.
    1. Cell Biology

    Prickle isoforms determine handedness of helical morphogenesis

    Bomsoo Cho et al.
    The Pkpk and Pksple isoforms of the Prickle protein determine right- or left-handed bristle morphogenesis by coupling Frizzled/Vang signaling to the Fat/Dachsous PCP directional signal in opposite directions.