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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural insights into flagellar stator–rotor interactions

    Yunjie Chang et al.
    In situ structural analysis of bacterial flagellar motor in the Lyme disease spirochete reveals novel conformational change driven by proton motive force.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Unique-region phosphorylation targets LynA for rapid degradation, tuning its expression and signaling in myeloid cells

    Ben F Brian IV et al.
    The ubiquitin ligase c-Cbl preferentially targets unique-region phosphorylated LynA for rapid degradation, regulating its expression and differentially tuning signaling responsiveness in macrophages and mast cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    An explanation for origin unwinding in eukaryotes

    Lance D Langston, Michael E O'Donnell
    CMG helicase translocates with force while encircling duplex DNA, enabling two opposing CMG complexes at an origin to melt the duplex and switch to encircling separate single strands.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM of dynein microtubule-binding domains shows how an axonemal dynein distorts the microtubule

    Samuel E Lacey et al.
    Relion was used to solve structures of microtubules decorated with dynein microtubule-binding domains revealing that an axonemal dynein distorts the microtubule cross-sectional curvature.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The genomes of polyextremophilic cyanidiales contain 1% horizontally transferred genes with diverse adaptive functions

    Alessandro W Rossoni et al.
    Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) analysis in polyextremophile red algae (Cyanidiales) provides explanations for the nonexistence of cumulative effects and eukaryotic pangenomes, and highlights differences between HGT and native genes.
    1. Cancer Biology

    NRG1 is a critical regulator of differentiation in TP63-driven squamous cell carcinoma

    Ganapati V Hegde et al.
    TP63 regulates NRG1 in squamous cell cancers, and targeting of NRG1 induces cancer cell differentiation thereby NRG1 is a potential therapeutic target in squamous cell cancers.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of Vps4 with circular peptides and implications for translocation of two polypeptide chains by AAA+ ATPases

    Han Han et al.
    Structural and biochemical studies indicate that AAA+ ATPase employ a general mechanism to translocate a variety of substrates, including extended polypeptides, hairpins, crosslinked chains, and chains conjugated to other molecules.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Epigenetic regulation of mammalian Hedgehog signaling to the stroma determines the molecular subtype of bladder cancer

    SungEun Kim et al.
    Pharmacologic inhibition of DNA methylation restrains the growth of urothelial carcinoma by subtype conversion through heightened stromal Hedgehog pathway activity.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Stem cell-derived cranial and spinal motor neurons reveal proteostatic differences between ALS resistant and sensitive motor neurons

    Disi An et al.
    Stem cell-derived motor neurons with differential ALS vulnerability identified proteasome activity as a possible mechanism that explains their differential sensitivity.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Epithelial geometry regulates spindle orientation and progenitor fate during formation of the mammalian epidermis

    Kimberly Box et al.
    Early in mammalian epidermal development, basal epidermal progenitor cells utilize packing and three-dimensional geometry, rather than cortical polarity cues, to inform division orientation and progenitor cell fate.