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    1. Cancer Biology

    Human DECR1 is an androgen-repressed survival factor that regulates PUFA oxidation to protect prostate tumor cells from ferroptosis

    Zeyad D Nassar et al.
    DECR1, a rate-limiting enzyme for polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) β-oxidation, is an androgen-repressed gene in prostate cancer cells that limits oxidative stress to promote cancer cell survival.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Identifying prostate cancer and its clinical risk in asymptomatic men using machine learning of high dimensional peripheral blood flow cytometric natural killer cell subset phenotyping data

    Simon P Hood et al.
    Diagnosing the presence and clinical significance of prostate cancer can be achieved using AI-based analysis of peripheral blood natural killer (NK) cell subset profiles.
    1. Medicine

    Knowledge synthesis of 100 million biomedical documents augments the deep expression profiling of coronavirus receptors

    AJ Venkatakrishnan et al.
    SARS-CoV-2 receptor ACE2 is expressed in nasal olfactory epithelia, tongue keratinocytes and small intestine enterocytes, connected with the COVID-19 patient phenotypes such as anosmia and diarrhea.
    1. Cancer Biology

    MEIS-mediated suppression of human prostate cancer growth and metastasis through HOXB13-dependent regulation of proteoglycans

    Calvin VanOpstall et al.
    The HOXB13 binding partner MEIS1 suppresses prostate cancer proliferation, invasion, and metastasis by promoting expression of the anti-oncogenic extracellular proteoglycan Decorin.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mechanical inhibition of isolated Vo from V/A-ATPase for proton conductance

    Jun-ichi Kishikawa et al.
    Cryo-EM structures of rotary V-ATPase reveal the ON-OFF switching mechanism of H+ translocation in the Vo membrane domain.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of MlaFB uncovers novel mechanisms of ABC transporter regulation

    Ljuvica R Kolich et al.
    Structure of MlaFB reveals how a small binding protein and the C-terminal tail on an ATPase subunit work together to regulate the assembly and function of an ABC transporter.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Cancer systems immunology

    Nathan E Reticker-Flynn, Edgar G Engleman
    Cancer systems immunology is a highly interdisciplinary field that is advancing our ability to understand and predict the complex behavior that orchestrates the interplay between tumors and the immune system.
    1. Neuroscience

    A size principle for recruitment of Drosophila leg motor neurons

    Anthony W Azevedo et al.
    Motor neurons controlling the leg of the fruit fly exhibit a gradient of physiological and functional properties that correlate with the order in which they fire during behavior.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Resident macrophages acquire innate immune memory in staphylococcal skin infection

    Reinhild Feuerstein et al.
    Resident dermal Mφ are programmed locally, independently of bone-marrow monocytes during Staphylococcus aureus infection, leading to transiently increased resistance, which is limited by a decrease in macrophage life span.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    AR phosphorylation and CHK2 kinase activity regulates IR-stabilized AR–CHK2 interaction and prostate cancer survival

    Huy Q Ta et al.
    CHK2 directly binds the AR to mediate transient suppression of AR activity and thus loss of CHK2 function in prostate cancer increases AR activity, DNA damage response and radiation resistance.