507 results found
    1. Cancer Biology
    Reproducibility Project

    Reproducibility Project: Cancer Biology

    Edited by Roger J Davis et al.
    Investigating reproducibility in preclinical cancer research.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Stochastic yield catastrophes and robustness in self-assembly

    Florian M Gartner et al.
    Fluctuations in the availability of particles for binding can completely jeopardize yield in heterogeneous self-assembly.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    The transpeptidase PBP2 governs initial localization and activity of the major cell-wall synthesis machinery in E. coli

    Gizem Özbaykal et al.
    For initiation of cell-wall insertion, the cross-linking enzyme PBP2 stably binds to a component of the cell envelope that is different from MreB filaments.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    MicroRNA-122 supports robust innate immunity in hepatocytes by targeting the RTKs/STAT3 signaling pathway

    Hui Xu et al.
    The liver-specific miRNA microRNA-122 plays a previously unknown role in hepatocyte intrinsic innate immunity by targeting the RTKs/STAT3 signaling pathway.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Firefly genomes illuminate parallel origins of bioluminescence in beetles

    Timothy R Fallon et al.
    The first genomic view of beetle luciferase evolution indicates evolutionary independence of luciferase between fireflies and click-beetles, and provide valuable datasets which will accelerate the discovery of new biotechnological tools.
    1. Cell Biology

    Dynein–Dynactin–NuMA clusters generate cortical spindle-pulling forces as a multi-arm ensemble

    Masako Okumura et al.
    Optogenetic reconstitution reveals core functional modules and architecture of the cortical force-generating machinery in human cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    A time-stamp mechanism may provide temporal information necessary for egocentric to allocentric spatial transformations

    Avner Wallach et al.
    A novel neural mechanism for precise, unbiased estimation of time intervals in the thalamus of electric fish is likely used for computing distance between object encounters.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Mitochondrial biogenesis is transcriptionally repressed in lysosomal lipid storage diseases

    King Faisal Yambire et al.
    Transcription factors KLF2 and ETV1 repress the transcriptional program of mitochondrial biogenesis, resulting in impaired mitochondrial function in lysosomal storage diseases.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Microsaccadic sampling of moving image information provides Drosophila hyperacute vision

    Mikko Juusola et al.
    New experiments and theory reveal how the ability to see image details depends upon photoreceptor function and eye movements, and how fruit flies (Drosophila) see spatial details beyond the optical limit of their compound eyes.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The last common ancestor of animals lacked the HIF pathway and respired in low-oxygen environments

    Daniel B Mills et al.
    Sponges and ctenophores lack hypoxia-inducible factors, suggesting that the metazoan last common ancestor could have lived aerobically under severe hypoxia and did not need to regulate its transcription in response to oxygen availability.

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