2,543 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Quantitative time-resolved analysis reveals intricate, differential regulation of standard- and immuno-proteasomes

    Juliane Liepe et al.
    Experimental and computational analyses reveal how proteasomal hydrolysis is regulated and show that peptide transport is the rate-limiting step and the main differentiating factor between human standard- and immuno-proteasomes.
    1. Cell Biology

    The proteasome biogenesis regulator Rpn4 cooperates with the unfolded protein response to promote ER stress resistance

    Rolf M Schmidt et al.
    Endoplasmic reticulum stress in yeast activates not only the UPR but also Rpn4, promoting the clearance of misfolded proteins from the cytosol as part of a modular cross-compartment stress response.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    The E2 Marie Kondo and the CTLH E3 ligase clear deposited RNA binding proteins during the maternal-to-zygotic transition

    Michael Zavortink et al.
    In fruit flies, maternally deposited RNA-binding proteins are removed during the maternal-to-zygotic transition via a mechanism of translational upregulation of Kondo, the key E2 enzyme, at egg activation.
    1. Cell Biology

    Regulator of G protein signaling 12 enhances osteoclastogenesis by suppressing Nrf2-dependent antioxidant proteins to promote the generation of reactive oxygen species

    Andrew Ying Hui Ng et al.
    Rgs12 protein is a novel regulator of the Nrf2 protein by facilitating the proteasomal degradation of the transcription factor during osteoclast differentiation.
    1. Cell Biology

    G-protein-coupled receptors regulate autophagy by ZBTB16-mediated ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation of Atg14L

    Tao Zhang et al.
    Under normal nutritional conditions, G-protein coupled receptors can control autophagy by regulating the degradation of key autophagic regulator Atg14L through ZBTB16-mediated ubiquitination and proteasome degradation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Proteomic analysis of the response to cell cycle arrests in human myeloid leukemia cells

    Tony Ly et al.
    Building on previous work (Ly et al., 2014), we show that elutriated cells and arrested cells have similar patterns of DNA content and cyclin expression: however, a large fraction of the proteome changes detected in arrested cells are found to reflect arrest-specific responses rather than physiological cell cycle regulation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Immunoproteasome functions explained by divergence in cleavage specificity and regulation

    Michael B Winter et al.
    Divergence in immunoproteasome substrate specificity and regulation from the constitutive proteasome impacts peptide cleavage quantity and the cellular capacity of the ubiquitin-proteasome system.
    1. Cell Biology

    Paradoxical resistance of multiple myeloma to proteasome inhibitors by decreased levels of 19S proteasomal subunits

    Diego Acosta-Alvear et al.
    The nodes of the cytosolic proteostasis network can control sensitivity to proteasome inhibitors and decreased levels of the 19S proteasomal regulator can lead to increased resistance to inhibitors.
    1. Cell Biology

    Unfolded Protein Response: Modulating protein quality control

    Lars Plate et al.
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    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology
    House sparrow illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: The house sparrow in the service of basic and applied biology

    Haley E Hanson et al.
    The house sparrow, one of the most ubiquitous birds in the world, is now used extensively in studies across disciplines in the life sciences.

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