296 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Proteasome storage granules protect proteasomes from autophagic degradation upon carbon starvation

    Richard S Marshall, Richard D Vierstra
    Proteasomes are protected from autophagic elimination upon carbon starvation by sequestration into cytoplasmic storage granules, which aid cell fitness by providing a cache of proteasomes that can be rapidly remobilized when carbon availability improves.
    1. Plant Biology

    A multifaceted analysis reveals two distinct phases of chloroplast biogenesis during de-etiolation in Arabidopsis

    Rosa Pipitone et al.
    Serial-Block-Face Scanning Electron Microscopy (SBF-SEM) associated with biomolecular analysis show that chloroplast differentiation proceeds by distinct ‘structure establishment’ and ‘chloroplast proliferation’ phases, each with differential protein and lipid regulation.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    In-silico analysis of myeloid cells across the animal kingdom reveals neutrophil evolution by colony-stimulating factors

    Damilola Pinheiro et al.
    In-silico modeling of gene and protein emergence reveals how colony-stimulating factors contributed to the evolution and functional adaptions observed in mammalian neutrophils.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Studying the biology of cytotoxic T lymphocytes in vivo with a fluorescent granzyme B-mTFP knock-in mouse

    Praneeth Chitirala et al.
    A new knock-in mouse endogenously labels cytotoxic granules and can be used with all modern super-resolution imaging techniques to study T cell function in vitro and in vivo.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    LUZP1, a novel regulator of primary cilia and the actin cytoskeleton, is a contributing factor in Townes-Brocks Syndrome

    Laura Bozal-Basterra et al.
    LUZP1 is required for proper cilia and cytoskeleton formation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    Remodeling of whole-body lipid metabolism and a diabetic-like phenotype caused by loss of CDK1 and hepatocyte division

    Jin Rong Ow et al.
    Loss of hepatic Cdk1 leads to oxidative stress, increased fatty acids in blood, and hyperinsulinemia, which resulted in insulin resistance and hepatic steatosis, similar as in diabetes.
    1. Neuroscience

    The actin-modulating protein synaptopodin mediates long-term survival of dendritic spines

    Kenrick Yap et al.
    Long-term imaging of dentate granule cells reveals that the presence of synaptopodin within large spines, rather than their size, conveys long-term stability to large spines.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Mapping endothelial-cell diversity in cerebral cavernous malformations at single-cell resolution

    Fabrizio Orsenigo et al.
    Single-cell RNA analysis of brain endothelium identifies the angiogenic venous capillary subset and respective resident endothelial progenitors at the origin of CCM lesions, while arterial endothelial cells are unaffected.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Elongation inhibitors do not prevent the release of puromycylated nascent polypeptide chains from ribosomes

    Benjamin D Hobson et al.
    Although puromycin staining is often used to examine subcellular translation, puromycin-labeled proteins are rapidly released from ribosomes even in the presence of elongation inhibitors, which may confound translation site localization.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Stochastic asymmetric repartition of lytic machinery in dividing CD8+ T cells generates heterogeneous killing behavior

    Fanny Lafouresse et al.
    A fraction of human CD8+ T cells unequally partitions their lytic components during division, producing cells with heterogeneous killing capacities.

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