7,217 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Intracellular Diffusion: How bacteria keep proteins moving

    Conrad W Mullineaux
    Bacteria contain large numbers of negatively-charged proteins to avoid the electrostatic interactions with ribosomes that would dramatically reduce protein diffusion.
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Cell Cycle: Micromanaging checkpoint proteins

    Andrea Ciliberto, Silke Hauf
    The kinase Mps1, long known to be the 'boss' in mitotic checkpoint signaling, phosphorylates multiple proteins in the checkpoint signaling cascade.
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Translational Control: An emergency brake for protein synthesis

    Vladislava Hronová, Leoš Shivaya Valášek
    The integrated stress response is able to rapidly shut down the synthesis of proteins in eukaryotic cells.
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Alzheimer’s Disease: The two shapes of the Tau protein

    Jeffery W Kelly
    Tau proteins can convert from an inert shape to a misfolded shape that seeds the growth of fibers that contribute to the pathology of Alzheimer's disease.
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Protein Homeostasis: How chloroplasts protect themselves from unfolded proteins

    Felix Kessler, Paolo Longoni
    A genetic screen has identified the first signaling component of the unfolded protein response in chloroplasts.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Sensory Neurons: A new target for G protein signaling

    László Csanády
    G protein-coupled receptor stimulation inhibits TRPM3 channel activity through direct binding of the Gβγ subunit to the channel.
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A unifying mechanism for the biogenesis of membrane proteins co-operatively integrated by the Sec and Tat pathways

    Fiona J Tooke et al.
    Bioinformatics and experimental approaches identify families of membrane proteins requiring the co-ordinated action of the Sec pathway and Tat pathways for their integration and define features of the polypeptides that mediate interaction with these pathways.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Efficient protein targeting to the inner nuclear membrane requires Atlastin-dependent maintenance of ER topology

    Sumit Pawar et al.
    Efficient targeting of membrane proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to the inner nuclear membrane depends on GTP hydrolysis by Atlastin GTPases and their function in maintaining an interconnected topology of the ER network.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Reciprocal regulation of ARPP-16 by PKA and MAST3 kinases provides a cAMP-regulated switch in protein phosphatase 2A inhibition

    Veronica Musante et al.
    A complex interplay between MAST3 and PKA protein kinases and the regulatory protein ARPP-16 allows cAMP to control the activity of protein phosphatase 2A.
    1. Neuroscience

    The AMPA receptor-associated protein Shisa7 regulates hippocampal synaptic function and contextual memory

    Leanne J M Schmitz et al.
    Shisa7 is a bona-fide AMPAR modulatory protein affecting channel kinetics of hippocampal AMPARs, and is necessary for synaptic plasticity and memory recall.

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