8,215 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Interactions between a subset of substrate side chains and AAA+ motor pore loops determine grip during protein unfolding

    Tristan A Bell et al.
    The AAA+ protein unfolding motor ClpX grips substrates with the uppermost part of its substrate-binding pore, and requires interactions with hydrophobic amino acid side chains to operate with optimal efficiency.
    1. Cell Biology

    Intact protein folding in the glutathione-depleted endoplasmic reticulum implicates alternative protein thiol reductants

    Satoshi Tsunoda et al.
    Adapting a cytosolic enzyme that breaks down glutathione to function in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum challenges the long-held view that reduced glutathione fuels disulfide rearrangements during protein folding.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    N-glycosylation in the protease domain of trypsin-like serine proteases mediates calnexin-assisted protein folding

    Hao Wang et al.
    N-glycans commonly present in the protease domains are required for calnexin-mediated protein folding and intracellular trafficking.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Regulatory consequences of neuronal ELAV-like protein binding to coding and non-coding RNAs in human brain

    Claudia Scheckel et al.
    Neuronal ELAV-like (nELAVL) proteins are associated with non-coding Y RNAs in stressed neurons and in the brains of Alzheimer's disease patients, suggesting a new means of regulatory protein sequestration and mRNA target regulation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    ATP-induced asymmetric pre-protein folding as a driver of protein translocation through the Sec machinery

    Robin A Corey et al.
    How the process of protein folding may be controlled by the Sec machinery to assist protein transport across membranes.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Protein-mediated RNA folding governs sequence-specific interactions between rotavirus genome segments

    Alexander Borodavka et al.
    In rotaviruses, the selective packaging of eleven distinct genomic RNA segments requires virus-encoded protein NSP2 to alter the RNA structures, facilitating their interactions with each other.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The angiopoietin-like protein ANGPTL4 catalyzes unfolding of the hydrolase domain in lipoprotein lipase and the endothelial membrane protein GPIHBP1 counteracts this unfolding

    Simon Mysling et al.
    Building on previous work (Mysling et al., 2016), it is shown that angiopoietin-like protein 4 (ANGPTL4) inhibits lipoprotein lipase activity by catalyzing the unfolding of its hydrolase domain.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The shape of the bacterial ribosome exit tunnel affects cotranslational protein folding

    Renuka Kudva et al.
    Proteins can fold deeper inside ribosomes with an enlarged exit tunnel.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Tracing a protein’s folding pathway over evolutionary time using ancestral sequence reconstruction and hydrogen exchange

    Shion An Lim et al.
    Pulsed-labeling hydrogen exchange on the ribonuclease H family show that the major folding intermediate is conserved over three billion years of evolution, but the path leading to this intermediate varies.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Structural evidence for Scc4-dependent localization of cohesin loading

    Stephen M Hinshaw et al.
    Cohesin loading at centromeres depends on a conserved surface cluster of amino-acid residues on the cohesin loading protein, Scc4.

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