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    1. Plant Biology

    SUMOylation contributes to proteostasis of the chloroplast protein import receptor TOC159 during early development

    Sonia Accossato et al.
    SUMOylation contributes to the fine-tuning of the proteostatic equilibrium of essential chloroplast protein import receptor TOC159 at early plant development.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Protein translocation channel of mitochondrial inner membrane and matrix-exposed import motor communicate via two-domain coupling protein

    Rupa Banerjee et al.
    Two domains of the peripheral membrane protein Tim44 interact with two different sectors of a translocase to coordinate the translocation of proteins across the inner mitochondrial membrane.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mycobacterium tuberculosis SatS is a chaperone for the SecA2 protein export pathway

    Brittany K Miller et al.
    SatS of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a new protein export chaperone with a role in exporting proteins by the specialized SecA2 pathway and a role in intracellular growth in macrophages.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The export receptor Crm1 forms a dimer to promote nuclear export of HIV RNA

    David S Booth et al.
    The nuclear export receptor Crm1 cooperatively binds its HIV Rev-RRE cargo as a dimer using a species-specific interface that supports viral replication by enhancing nuclear export of HIV RNA.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Extensive cargo identification reveals distinct biological roles of the 12 importin pathways

    Makoto Kimura et al.
    Transport-based high-throughput identification of cargo proteins specific to all 12 human importin-β family nuclear import receptors revealed biological processes that the cargo cohorts of each receptor are involved in.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    RNA-directed remodeling of the HIV-1 protein Rev orchestrates assembly of the Rev–Rev response element complex

    Bhargavi Jayaraman et al.
    A pliable hydrophobic interface in the HIV-1 Rev protein enables assembly of diverse oligomeric structures, guided by the RRE scaffold present in HIV-1 mRNAs.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structure of the yeast TREX complex and coordination with the SR-like protein Gbp2

    Yihu Xie et al.
    Cryo-EM and chemical cross-linking studies yield an atomic resolution structure of a conserved remodeling machinery in messenger ribonucleoprotein maturation/nuclear export and insights into its coordinated function with a serine–arginine protein.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Mask family proteins ANKHD1 and ANKRD17 regulate YAP nuclear import and stability

    Clara Sidor et al.
    The MASK family of proteins regulate the action of the YAP/TAZ family of transcriptional coactivators, key regulators of stem cell proliferation and cancer.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Lysosomal membrane glycoproteins bind cholesterol and contribute to lysosomal cholesterol export

    Jian Li, Suzanne R Pfeffer
    LAMP proteins, the major glycoproteins of the lysosome membrane, bind cholesterol directly and specifically, and interact with NPC1 and NPC2 proteins as part of the lysosomal cholesterol export process.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A non-canonical mechanism for Crm1-export cargo complex assembly

    Ute Fischer et al.
    Slx9 is a newly discovered type of RanGTP-binding protein required for Crm1-mediated nuclear export.