4,425 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetic association and causal inference converge on hyperglycaemia as a modifiable factor to improve lung function

    William R Reay et al.
    Genetic data revealed existing drugs that could be repurposed to improve lung function, with evidence that compounds which control blood glucose could be particularly useful for respiratory impairment.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Tissue-specific modulation of gene expression in response to lowered insulin signalling in Drosophila

    Luke Stephen Tain et al.
    Multi-omic profiling of gene expression in response to reduced insulin/IGF-like-signalling reveals tissue-specific regulation of DNA damage and lysosomal mannosidase regulation of tissue homeostasis as pro-longevity responses.
    1. Cell Biology

    Glucose restriction drives spatial reorganization of mevalonate metabolism

    Sean Rogers et al.
    Genetic and biochemical analyses, coupled with fluorescence imaging, reveal that spatial compartmentalization of HMG-CoA Reductases at yeast ER-lysosome contacts modulates mevalonate pathway flux during glucose restriction, enabling metabolic adaptation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Characterization and functional analysis of cathelicidin-MH, a novel frog-derived peptide with anti-septicemic properties

    Jinwei Chai et al.
    The novel cathelicidin cathelicidin-MH was identified from the skin of M. heymonsivogt frog, which protects against lipopolysaccharide- and cecal ligation and puncture-induced sepsis, effectively ameliorates multi-organ pathology, especially in lung.
    1. Ecology

    Plant-associated CO2 mediates long-distance host location and foraging behaviour of a root herbivore

    Carla CM Arce et al.
    The larvae of the western corn rootworm use root-emitted CO2 to successfully locate the most suitable host plant.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Evolutionarily conserved sperm factors, DCST1 and DCST2, are required for gamete fusion

    Naokazu Inoue et al.
    Mammalian fertilization is accomplished through integrating various molecular pathways that include evolutionarily conserved factors, DCST1 and DCST2.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Striking parallels between dorsoventral patterning in Drosophila and Gryllus reveal a complex evolutionary history behind a model gene regulatory network

    Matthias Pechmann et al.
    Crucial functions of Toll signalling during dorsoventral axis formation might have evolved convergently in flies and crickets.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Functional insights from a surface antigen mRNA-bound proteome

    Larissa Melo do Nascimento et al.
    A robust procedure to purify mRNAs and their associated proteins identify CFB2 as the critical protein that binds and influences the fate of the main virulence factor in Trypanosoma brucei.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Improving oligo-conjugated antibody signal in multimodal single-cell analysis

    Terkild B Buus et al.
    Oligo-conjugated antibodies are a powerful tool but require thorough optimization to reduce background signal, increase sensitivity, and reduce sequencing costs.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Generic injuries are sufficient to induce ectopic Wnt organizers in Hydra

    Jack F Cazet et al.
    Injuries activate the oral identity-specifying canonical Wnt signaling pathway in Hydra, which can trigger head regeneration in permissive tissue contexts created by the absence of pre-existing organizers.

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