3,772 results found
    1. Plant Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Herbivory-induced volatiles function as defenses increasing fitness of the native plant Nicotiana attenuata in nature

    Meredith C Schuman et al.
    A 2-year field study has demonstrated that volatile compounds produced by plants when they are attacked by herbivores act as defenses by attracting predators to the herbivores and increasing the reproduction of the plants.
    1. Cell Biology

    The unfolded protein response in fission yeast modulates stability of select mRNAs to maintain protein homeostasis

    Philipp Kimmig et al.
    A unique form of regulation has been observed in the unfolded protein response of S. pombe, along with a novel mechanism of post-transcriptional mRNA processing.
    1. Cell Biology

    A bacterial sulfonolipid triggers multicellular development in the closest living relatives of animals

    Rosanna A Alegado et al.
    The development of colonies of cells in choanoflagellates, water-dwelling organisms that feed on bacteria, is triggered by the presence of very low concentrations of a lipid molecule produced by certain types of bacteria.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The starvation hormone, fibroblast growth factor-21, extends lifespan in mice

    Yuan Zhang et al.
    Transgenic mice with high levels of FGF21 live for longer than wild-type mice and do so without reducing food intake.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Sequence specific detection of bacterial 23S ribosomal RNA by TLR13

    Xiao-Dong Li, Zhijian J Chen
    A pattern recognition receptor called toll-like receptor 13 detects pathogens in a manner that is different to that seen in other pathogen sensors.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Membrane immersion allows rhomboid proteases to achieve specificity by reading transmembrane segment dynamics

    Syed M Moin, Sinisa Urban
    Intramembrane proteases identify target proteins in a different way from other proteases.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Nascent-Seq reveals novel features of mouse circadian transcriptional regulation

    Jerome S Menet et al.
    Genome-wide measurements on mouse liver cells show that transcription, and a particular key transcription factor, have a smaller than expected influence on the mouse circadian system.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Sodium taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide is a functional receptor for human hepatitis B and D virus

    Huan Yan et al.
    Biochemical and genetic tests have revealed that a liver protein called NTCP is a functional receptor for hepatitis B and D viruses, which should lead to an improved understanding of the infections caused by these viruses and assist the development of new intervention strategies.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A novel role for lipid droplets in the organismal antibacterial response

    Preetha Anand et al.
    Histones bound to lipid droplets inside cells offer protection against bacteria in flies, and possibly mice, thus suggesting a possible new innate immunity pathway.

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