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    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    The novel lncRNA lnc-NR2F1 is pro-neurogenic and mutated in human neurodevelopmental disorders

    Cheen Euong Ang et al.
    lnc-Nr2f1, a long non-coding RNA focally deleted in autism patients, directly occupies and regulates neuronal genes.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Compensatory growth renders Tcf7l1a dispensable for eye formation despite its requirement in eye field specification

    Rodrigo M Young et al.
    Disruptions to eye field size have little impact on final eye size due to tissue compensatory mechanisms.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    Mi-2/NuRD complex protects stem cell progeny from mitogenic Notch signaling

    Evanthia Zacharioudaki et al.
    Depleting Mi-2 in the progeny of neural stem cells prevents normal enhancer decommissioning so that they become sensitive to Notch activity and re-acquire stem cell properties.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Quantitative uniqueness of human brain evolution revealed through phylogenetic comparative analysis

    Ian F Miller et al.
    The exceptionally large size of the human brain is the result of accelerating evolution towards larger brains in hominins, but is not the product of neocortical expansion.
    1. Neuroscience

    A toolbox of IgG subclass-switched recombinant monoclonal antibodies for enhanced multiplex immunolabeling of brain

    Nicolas P Andrews et al.
    A coherent pipeline converts conventional monoclonal antibodies into recombinant form that results in an IgG subclass switch, greatly expanding their utility for multiplex labeling.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neuroblast-specific open chromatin allows the temporal transcription factor, Hunchback, to bind neuroblast-specific loci

    Sonia Q Sen et al.
    Spatial factors generate neuroblast-specific open chromatin, thereby biasing the subsequent binding of transcription factors to produce neuroblast-specific neurons.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A systematically-revised ribosome profiling method for bacteria reveals pauses at single-codon resolution

    Fuad Mohammad et al.
    With the removal of confounding artifacts, ribosome profiling can yield insight into the mechanism of protein synthesis in bacteria at high resolution.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of a bacterial ATP synthase

    Hui Guo et al.
    Construction of a first atomic model for an intact bacterial ATP synthase allows for a structural understanding of the roles of individual amino acids in the mechanism of ATP synthesis.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Heparin-induced tau filaments are polymorphic and differ from those in Alzheimer’s and Pick’s diseases

    Wenjuan Zhang et al.
    Cryo-EM structures of heparin-induced tau filaments differ from those observed in neurodegenerative disease, illustrating their structural versatility, and prompting questions about the relevance of in vitro amyloid models.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The presence and absence of periplasmic rings in bacterial flagellar motors correlates with stator type

    Mohammed Kaplan et al.
    A correlation between the periplasmic embellishment of the flagellar motor and its stator system type is described, motors with dual H+-dependent stator systems have one periplasmic ring formed by MotY.