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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mechanisms of substrate recognition by a typhoid toxin secretion-associated muramidase

    Tobias Geiger et al.
    Biochemical analyses and the crystal structure of TtsA reveal fundamental insight into the mechanisms by which this muramidase recognizes its peptidoglycan substrate to facilitate typhoid toxin secretion.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Visualization of the type III secretion mediated Salmonella–host cell interface using cryo-electron tomography

    Donghyun Park et al.
    Visualization of the type III secretion mediated Salmonella-host cell interface reveals the intact translocon and the profound remodeling of the host membrane at unprecedented resolution.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Glycine acylation and trafficking of a new class of bacterial lipoprotein by a composite secretion system

    Christopher Icke et al.
    AatD is a novel acyltransferase that mediates N-palmitoylation of glycine, a process not previously described, that results in the secretion of lipoproteins to the bacterial cell surface.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Secretion of protein disulphide isomerase AGR2 confers tumorigenic properties

    Delphine Fessart et al.
    Epithelial tumors secrete the ER-resident AGR2 in the extracellular matrix to function as a novel essential microenvironmental regulator of epithelial tissue architecture, which leads to tumorigenicity.
    1. Cell Biology

    A critical role of VMP1 in lipoprotein secretion

    Hideaki Morishita et al.
    The ER transmembrane protein VMP1 is important for release of lipoproteins from the ER membrane into the ER lumen for secretion.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Small molecule proteostasis regulators that reprogram the ER to reduce extracellular protein aggregation

    Lars Plate et al.
    Small molecule proteostasis regulators that activate the unfolded protein response transcription factor ATF6 reduce the secretion of amyloid disease-associated proteins.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of a type IV pilus machinery in the open and closed state

    Vicki AM Gold et al.
    Electron cryo-tomography reveals a huge conformational change in the secretin domain of the type IV pilus machinery that occurs when the channel opens for pilus extrusion.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Ovulation in Drosophila is controlled by secretory cells of the female reproductive tract

    Jianjun Sun, Allan C Spradling
    Secretory cells in the fruit fly reproductive tract produce secretions that control ovulation through a conserved mechanism that could provide insights into ovarian cancer.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Genetic code expansion enables visualization of Salmonella type three secretion system components and secreted effectors

    Moirangthem Kiran Singh et al.
    Genetic code expansion (GCE) enables site-specific labeling and visualization of Salmonella secreted effectors, secretion system components and provides a viable alternative for labeling proteins that do not tolerate N- or C-terminal tags.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Translocation of interleukin-1β into a vesicle intermediate in autophagy-mediated secretion

    Min Zhang et al.
    Reconstitution of interleukin-1β secretion in non-macrophage cells implicates how this pro-inflammatory cytokine enters into the unconventional pathway of secretion through autophagy.