985 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Uni-directional ciliary membrane protein trafficking by a cytoplasmic retrograde IFT motor and ciliary ectosome shedding

    Muqing Cao et al.
    During cilium-generated signaling, ciliary membrane protein trafficking is unidirectional and ciliary membrane protein composition is regulated through action in the cytoplasm of the retrograde intraflagelllar transport (IFT) motor and shedding of ciliary ectosomes.
    1. Cell Biology

    G protein-regulated endocytic trafficking of adenylyl cyclase type 9

    André M Lazar et al.
    An adenylyl cyclase isoform is shown to dynamically traffic to endosomes after activation by G protein in mammalian cells, contributing to cellular cAMP signaling by internalized GPCRs.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure and activation mechanism of the BBSome membrane protein trafficking complex

    Sandeep K Singh et al.
    Two cryo-EM structures of the mammalian BBSome show how the BBSome is recruited to membranes and activated by the GTPase ARL6 prior to binding transmembrane proteins.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The CHORD protein CHP-1 regulates EGF receptor trafficking and signaling in C. elegans and in human cells

    Andrea Haag et al.
    The co-chaperone CHORDC1 is specifically required for epidermal growth factor receptor trafficking and signaling in Caenorhabditis elegans and in human cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neto auxiliary proteins control both the trafficking and biophysical properties of the kainate receptor GluK1

    Nengyin Sheng et al.
    Auxiliary subunits Neto1 and Neto2 regulate the GluK1 receptor targeting to excitatory silent synapses through different molecular mechanisms and also modify receptor biophysics through distinct mechanisms.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A FYVE zinc finger domain protein specifically links mRNA transport to endosome trafficking

    Thomas Pohlmann et al.
    An endosomal component employs a novel PAM2-like motif to recruit a key RNA-binding protein, which explains how mRNAs and associated ribosomes are attached to endosomes during coupled transport.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Fluorescence Lifetime Imaging Microscopy reveals rerouting of SNARE trafficking driving dendritic cell activation

    Daniëlle Rianne José Verboogen et al.
    A novel microscopy-based assay shows that dendritic cells encountering pathogenic stimuli form increased complexes of specific SNARE proteins, driving release of large amounts of inflammatory cytokines.
    1. Cell Biology

    Misfolded GPI-anchored proteins are escorted through the secretory pathway by ER-derived factors

    Eszter Zavodszky, Ramanujan S Hegde
    ER-resident chaperones and cargo receptors make excursions to the cell surface and endocytic compartments when they accompany misfolded clients to lysosomes for degradation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Apolipoprotein L-1 renal risk variants form active channels at the plasma membrane driving cytotoxicity

    Joseph A Giovinazzo et al.
    Cytotoxicity associated with APOL1 renal-risk variants occurs through its plasma-membrane localization, where aberrant channel activity drives a sustained sodium and calcium influx leading to cell swelling and eventually cell death.
    1. Neuroscience

    Guanylate cyclase 1 relies on rhodopsin for intracellular stability and ciliary trafficking

    Jillian N Pearring et al.
    Rather than relying on intrinsic intracellular targeting information, the key phototransduction enzyme guanylate cyclase 1 is delivered to the photosensory cilium with the visual pigment rhodopsin.

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