8,100 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Intracellular Diffusion: How bacteria keep proteins moving

    Conrad W Mullineaux
    Bacteria contain large numbers of negatively-charged proteins to avoid the electrostatic interactions with ribosomes that would dramatically reduce protein diffusion.
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Cell Cycle: Micromanaging checkpoint proteins

    Andrea Ciliberto, Silke Hauf
    The kinase Mps1, long known to be the 'boss' in mitotic checkpoint signaling, phosphorylates multiple proteins in the checkpoint signaling cascade.
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Translational Control: An emergency brake for protein synthesis

    Vladislava Hronová, Leoš Shivaya Valášek
    The integrated stress response is able to rapidly shut down the synthesis of proteins in eukaryotic cells.
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Protein Homeostasis: How chloroplasts protect themselves from unfolded proteins

    Felix Kessler, Paolo Longoni
    A genetic screen has identified the first signaling component of the unfolded protein response in chloroplasts.
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Alzheimer’s Disease: The two shapes of the Tau protein

    Jeffery W Kelly
    Tau proteins can convert from an inert shape to a misfolded shape that seeds the growth of fibers that contribute to the pathology of Alzheimer's disease.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Sensory Neurons: A new target for G protein signaling

    László Csanády
    G protein-coupled receptor stimulation inhibits TRPM3 channel activity through direct binding of the Gβγ subunit to the channel.
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Transient protein accumulation at the center of the T cell antigen-presenting cell interface drives efficient IL-2 secretion

    Danielle J Clark et al.
    A membrane-associated, supramolecular protein complex with dynamically changing components, the central supramolecular activation cluster, regulates the generation of the T cell effector cytokine IL-2 depending on its composition.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The Sec1/Munc18 protein Vps45 holds the Qa-SNARE Tlg2 in an open conformation

    Travis J Eisemann et al.
    Whereas in a paradigmatic structure an SM protein chaperone clamps its client SNARE shut, a second structure demonstrates that an SM protein can also hold its SNARE open to promote assembly.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Building the vertebrate codex using the gene breaking protein trap library

    Noriko Ichino et al.
    The analysis of the first 1000 revertible protein trap alleles in zebrafish resulted in new functional genomic annotations and produced a panel of potential new models of human disease.
    1. Cell Biology

    Assigning mitochondrial localization of dual localized proteins using a yeast Bi-Genomic Mitochondrial-Split-GFP

    Gaétan Bader et al.
    The Bi-Genomic Mitochondrial-Split-GFP, where both fragments of the Split-GFP are expressed by separated translation machineries, shuts off cytosolic fluorescence of dual-localized proteins, allowing visualization of their mitochondrial echoforms.

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