18 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The mechanism of variability in transcription start site selection

    Libing Yu et al.
    Variability in bacterial transcription start site selection involves DNA “scrunching” and “anti-scrunching,” which may represent a general mechanism for start site selection in all organisms.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The architecture of EMC reveals a path for membrane protein insertion

    John P O'Donnell et al.
    Structural and biochemical analysis of an abundant and conserved protein complex called EMC shows how it is likely to insert nascent membrane proteins into the endoplasmic reticulum membrane.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mechanisms of substrate recognition by a typhoid toxin secretion-associated muramidase

    Tobias Geiger et al.
    Biochemical analyses and the crystal structure of TtsA reveal fundamental insight into the mechanisms by which this muramidase recognizes its peptidoglycan substrate to facilitate typhoid toxin secretion.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The carboxyl-terminal sequence of bim enables bax activation and killing of unprimed cells

    Xiaoke Chi et al.
    The C-terminal membrane binding domain of Bim is shown to interact with and activate Bim enabling it to kill cells not dependent on anti-apoptotic proteins for survival.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Formation of a β-barrel membrane protein is catalyzed by the interior surface of the assembly machine protein BamA

    James Lee et al.
    Outer membrane β-barrel proteins in Gram-negative bacteria are assembled within the lumen of the BamA β-barrel.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Fucosylation and protein glycosylation create functional receptors for cholera toxin

    Amberlyn M Wands et al.
    Cholera intoxication of human colonic epithelial cells is dependent on recognition of protein glycosylation and fucosylation, not exclusively on ganglioside recognition as proposed previously.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Aven recognition of RNA G-quadruplexes regulates translation of the mixed lineage leukemia protooncogenes

    Palaniraja Thandapani et al.
    Arginine methylation regulates mRNA translation of key protooncogenes via an RGG/RG motif-containing protein called Aven.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Reconstitution of bacterial autotransporter assembly using purified components

    Giselle Roman-Hernandez et al.
    A complex that catalyzes the membrane integration of β barrel proteins and a molecular chaperone promote the complete assembly of a bacterial virulence factor in vitro.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The C-terminal tail of the bacterial translocation ATPase SecA modulates its activity

    Mohammed Jamshad et al.
    The interaction of SecA with its substrate proteins is regulated by its evolutionarily conserved C-terminal tail, which autoinhibits SecA unless SecA binds to the ribosome.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optocontrol of glutamate receptor activity by single side-chain photoisomerization

    Viktoria Klippenstein et al.
    Introduction of single photoswitchable unnatural amino acid into a neuronal receptor provides reversible, rapid and robust control of its activity by light, representing an important contribution to the fast expanding field of optopharmacology.

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