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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    How cells determine the number of polarity sites

    Jian-geng Chiou et al.
    Minimal essential features of Rho GTPase systems are elucidated that regulate the number of distinct domains developed by a cell’s polarity machinery, which in turn governs cell shape.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Membrane transporter dimerization driven by differential lipid solvation energetics of dissociated and associated states

    Rahul Chadda et al.
    Differences in the lipid solvation energetics of associated and dissociated states is a primary driving force for membrane protein oligomerization, presenting a molecular mechanism for lipid regulation in biology.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    DCC regulates astroglial development essential for telencephalic morphogenesis and corpus callosum formation

    Laura Morcom et al.
    Axon guidance molecules DCC and NTN1 regulate astroglial-mediated interhemispheric remodelling required for corpus callosum formation in humans and mice.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    Widespread premature transcription termination of Arabidopsis thaliana NLR genes by the spen protein FPA

    Matthew T Parker et al.
    The expression of Arabidopsis NLR immune response genes is modulated by premature transcription termination, and this has implications for understanding NLR regulation and evolutionary dynamics.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Molecular tracking devices quantify antigen distribution and archiving in the murine lymph node

    Shannon M Walsh et al.
    Antigen-phosphorothioate DNA conjugation provides a vaccination strategy where stable barcodes facilitate the detection and quantification of antigen using single-cell RNA sequencing.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    T cell self-reactivity during thymic development dictates the timing of positive selection

    Lydia K Lutes et al.
    Developing T cells whose TCRs have relatively low reactivity experience very brief TCR signaling events, experience delayed positive selection, and retaina preselection gene expression signature as they mature.
    1. Neuroscience

    Variability in the Munc13-1 content of excitatory release sites

    Maria Rita Karlocai et al.
    Different numbers of Munc13-1 molecules build up the specialized regions of the presynaptic plasma membrane called the release sites.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    De novo macrocyclic peptides dissect energy coupling of a heterodimeric ABC transporter by multimode allosteric inhibition

    Erich Stefan et al.
    By random nonstandard peptide integrated discovery, combinatorial macrocyclic peptides were leavaged that target a heterodimeric ABC transport complex and explore fundamental principles of the substrate translocation cycle.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Confinement discerns swarmers from planktonic bacteria

    Weijie Chen et al.
    For the same bacterial strain, the swarming phenotype can be biophysically discerned from swimming phenotype based on the motion pattern under circular confinement on a soft agar.
    1. Cell Biology

    Compartment-specific opioid receptor signaling is selectively modulated by different dynorphin peptides

    Jennifer M Kunselman et al.
    Different dynorphins, which signal similarly from the cell surface, can differentially localize G protein-coupled receptors to specific subcellular compartments and cause divergent receptor fates and distinct spatiotemporal patterns of signaling.