121 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    R-spondins engage heparan sulfate proteoglycans to potentiate WNT signaling

    Ramin Dubey et al.
    Heparan Sulfate Proteoglycans function as receptors for the R-spondins, a family of growth factors that amplify the strength of WNT signaling during development and in adult stem cells.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Vascular dimorphism ensured by regulated proteoglycan dynamics favors rapid umbilical artery closure at birth

    Sumeda Nandadasa et al.
    Morphologic, molecular, biomechanical and computational analyses show that the specialized extracellular matrix architecture of the umbilical artery contributes to its rapid closure at birth and regulates smooth muscle cell differentiation.
    1. Cancer Biology

    MEIS-mediated suppression of human prostate cancer growth and metastasis through HOXB13-dependent regulation of proteoglycans

    Calvin VanOpstall et al.
    The HOXB13 binding partner MEIS1 suppresses prostate cancer proliferation, invasion, and metastasis by promoting expression of the anti-oncogenic extracellular proteoglycan Decorin.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Developmental Biology

    Structure and functional properties of Norrin mimic Wnt for signalling with Frizzled4, Lrp5/6, and proteoglycan

    Tao-Hsin Chang et al.
    The crystal structure of Norrie Disease Protein in complex with the extracellular cysteine-rich domain of Frizzled4 receptor and sucrose octasulfate reveals binding sites for Frizzled4, low density lipoprotein receptor related protein 5/6, and proteoglycan.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Vascular Biology: Severing umbilical ties

    Jessica E Wagenseil, Karen M Downs
    High levels of proteins called proteoglycans in the walls of umbilical arteries enable these arteries to close rapidly after birth and thus prevent blood loss in newborns.
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    R-spondins can potentiate WNT signaling without LGRs

    Andres M Lebensohn, Rajat Rohatgi
    R-spondins 2 and 3 can potentiate WNT signaling in the absence of LGRs through interactions with ZNRF3/RNF43 E3 ubiquitin ligases and heparan sulfate proteoglycans, defining two alternative modes of R-spondin-mediated signaling.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Cells must express components of the planar cell polarity system and extracellular matrix to support cytonemes

    Hai Huang, Thomas B Kornberg
    Different cytoneme types require specific heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) that are stratified within the extracellular matrix in Drosophila.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Identification of a critical sulfation in chondroitin that inhibits axonal regeneration

    Craig S Pearson et al.
    4-sulfation at the non-reducing end of chondroitin sulfate glycosaminoglycan chains is essential for inhibition of axonal growth.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Extracellular Matrix: Sculpting new structures

    Jocelyn A McDonald, Yoshinori Tomoyasu
    The origins of the posterior lobe, a recently evolved structure in some species of Drosophila, have become clearer.
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Mechanotransduction: How muscle contraction strengthens tendons

    Nicole O Glenn, Clarissa A Henry
    The force generated by muscles leads to signaling that helps to shape nearby tendon precursor cells.
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