906 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Mitochondrial volume fraction and translation duration impact mitochondrial mRNA localization and protein synthesis

    Tatsuhisa Tsuboi et al.
    Mitochondria can tune the protein synthesis of nuclear-encoded proteins through condition-dependent mRNA localization that is regulated by translation elongation and the geometric constraints of the cell.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The novel ciliogenesis regulator DYRK2 governs Hedgehog signaling during mouse embryogenesis

    Saishu Yoshida et al.
    DYRK2 regulator governs the mammalian ciliogenesis to maintain proper embryogenesis via activation of the Hh signaling during development in vivo.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Dissecting cell-type-specific metabolism in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma

    Allison N Lau et al.
    Isotope tracing into macromolecules enables functional analysis of metabolism in specific cell populations in tumors and provides insight into metabolic differences between cancer and stromal cells in their endogenous microenvironment.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetic and environmental determinants of variation in the plasma lipidome of older Australian twins

    Matthew WK Wong et al.
    A minor subset of plasma lipids are heritable, and this is associated with gene expression of transcripts related to roles beyond lipid metabolism, including immune function and cell signalling.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Peroxiredoxin promotes longevity and H2O2-resistance in yeast through redox-modulation of protein kinase A

    Friederike Roger et al.
    The major cytosolic yeast peroxiredoxin Tsa1 controls aging and H2O2-resistance by inhibiting protein kinase A through a conserved cysteine in the catalytic subunit activation loop and not by scavenging H2O2.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Human DECR1 is an androgen-repressed survival factor that regulates PUFA oxidation to protect prostate tumor cells from ferroptosis

    Zeyad D Nassar et al.
    DECR1, a rate-limiting enzyme for polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) β-oxidation, is an androgen-repressed gene in prostate cancer cells that limits oxidative stress to promote cancer cell survival.
    1. Cell Biology

    Ribosome collisions trigger cis-acting feedback inhibition of translation initiation

    Szymon Juszkiewicz et al.
    Ribosome collisions along an mRNA are shown to recruit factors that prevent additional ribosomes from initiating translation on that mRNA, thereby providing time to resolve the collision.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Periodic propagating waves coordinate RhoGTPase network dynamics at the leading and trailing edges during cell migration

    Alfonso Bolado-Carrancio et al.
    Different RhoA and Rac1 dynamics at the cell front and rear are coordinated through periodic GTPase waves, which define the minimal autonomous biochemical machinery necessary and sufficient for cell migration.

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