746 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    A unicellular relative of animals generates a layer of polarized cells by actomyosin-dependent cellularization

    Omaya Dudin et al.
    Cellularization in Sphaeroforma arctica generates a self-organized structure that morphologically resembles an epithelium, and is associated with tightly regulated expression of cell adhesion pathways.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Single-cell proteomics reveals changes in expression during hair-cell development

    Ying Zhu et al.
    Protein mass spectrometry can be used to uncover developmental trajectories in small single cells of differentiating tissues.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Auto-regulation of Rab5 GEF activity in Rabex5 by allosteric structural changes, catalytic core dynamics and ubiquitin binding

    Janelle Lauer et al.
    Understanding the complex auto-regulatory mechanisms for guanine nucleotide exchange factors is critically important for fully appreciating the layers of control for small GTPases.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Obesity-linked suppression of membrane-bound O-acyltransferase 7 (MBOAT7) drives non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

    Robert N Helsley et al.
    Loss of function of membrane-bound O-acyltransferase 7 (MBOAT7), but not transmembrane channel-like 4 (TMC4), promotes hepatic steatosis.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    CTCF confers local nucleosome resiliency after DNA replication and during mitosis

    Nick Owens et al.
    In contrast to other transcription factors, CTCF and Esrrb rapidly regain binding after replication and remain bound to their targets during mitosis, preserving local nucleosome organization throughout the cell cycle.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Kv2.1 mediates spatial and functional coupling of L-type calcium channels and ryanodine receptors in mammalian neurons

    Nicholas C Vierra et al.
    A potassium channel, as a nonconducting function, organizes compartmentalized neuronal calcium signaling microdomains via structural and functional coupling of plasma membrane and endoplasmic reticulum calcium channels.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Adaptation to mutational inactivation of an essential gene converges to an accessible suboptimal fitness peak

    João V Rodrigues, Eugene I Shakhnovich
    When an essential metabolic gene in E. coli is mutationally inactivated, subsequent evolution rarely reverts the mutation to wild type but rather follows unexpected paths that rewire metabolic fluxes.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    An evolutionary recent IFN/IL-6/CEBP axis is linked to monocyte expansion and tuberculosis severity in humans

    Murilo Delgobo et al.
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis exploits an IFN/IL6/CEBP axis linked to monocyte expansion in humans.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The lysosomal transporter MFSD1 is essential for liver homeostasis and critically depends on its accessory subunit GLMP

    David Massa López et al.
    The so far uncharacterized lysosomal transporter protein MFSD1 is essential for liver homeostasis and needs the highly glycosylated GLMP protein as an accessory subunit for stability.

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