896 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A single K+-binding site in the crystal structure of the gastric proton pump

    Kenta Yamamoto et al.
    Crystal structures provide structural rationales for the transport stoichiometry of the gastric proton pump, which suffices the energy requirement for the generation of a million-fold proton gradient across the membrane.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Coupling of remote alternating-access transport mechanisms for protons and substrates in the multidrug efflux pump AcrB

    Thomas Eicher et al.
    A transport mechanism is uncovered in the major drug-efflux system in E. coli involving two remote alternating-access conformational cycles, which could provide the basis for the development of allosteric inhibitors against multidrug resistance.
    1. Neuroscience

    Clathrin coat controls synaptic vesicle acidification by blocking vacuolar ATPase activity

    Zohreh Farsi et al.
    Parallel measurements of pH gradient and membrane potential at the single vesicle level have revealed that the synaptic vesicle acidification is initiated by removal of its clathrin coat, which blocks vesicular ATPase activity.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Dynamic density shaping of photokinetic E. coli

    Giacomo Frangipane et al.
    The concentration of motile bacteria, expressing a light-driven proton pump, can be precisely controlled in space and time by spatially modulating their swimming speeds with a structured light pattern.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bacterial Evolution: The road to resistance

    Devon M Fitzgerald
    The way that bacteria grow—either floating in liquid or attached to a surface—affects their ability to evolve antimicrobial resistance and our ability to treat infections.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Neuroplasticity: Exciting experiences make neurons less excitable

    Prakruti Nanda et al.
    Neurons in the brain of a female mouse that respond to the scent of a given male become suppressed after mating.
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    2018 Gairdner Awards: The past, present and future of light-gated ion channels and optogenetics

    Sheena A Josselyn
    Research into light-gated ion channels called channelrhodospins laid the foundations for the development of optogenetics, a technique that has gone on to revolutionize neuroscience.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cell Communication: Studying gap junctions with PARIS

    Daniel R Kick, David J Schulz
    A new genetically encoded system manipulates the pH inside cells to detect whether they are coupled to each other.
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    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Life Expectancy: Advancing the aging biology toolkit

    Troy K Coody, Adam L Hughes
    A new device for isolating large quantities of old yeast cells expands the experimental boundaries of aging research.
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