4,228 results found
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Polycomb enables primitive endoderm lineage priming in embryonic stem cells

    Robert S Illingworth et al.
    Polycomb enables lineage priming in mouse embryonic stem cells by establishing a barrier to commitment.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Gradient-independent Wnt signaling instructs asymmetric neurite pruning in C. elegans

    Menghao Lu, Kota Mizumoto
    Genetic analyses revealed the critical role of local Wnt in neuronal patterning by instructing neurite pruning.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Step-to-step variations in human running reveal how humans run without falling

    Nidhi Seethapathi, Manoj Srinivasan
    Natural step-to-step variations show how human running is stabilized, underscoring the importance of center of mass control and showing how humans run without falling despite muscle noise and uneven terrain.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Stochastic tuning of gene expression enables cellular adaptation in the absence of pre-existing regulatory circuitry

    Peter L Freddolino et al.
    Stochastic tuning of gene expression could be a common mechanism through which eukaryotic cells adapt to challenging external environments, potentially including survival of infectious organisms within the host and adaptation of cancer cells to chemotherapy.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A global change in RNA polymerase II pausing during the Drosophila midblastula transition

    Kai Chen et al.
    The first zygotic genes are transcribed without RNA polymerase II pausing from a TATA-enriched promoter.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Patronin governs minus-end-out orientation of dendritic microtubules to promote dendrite pruning in Drosophila

    Yan Wang et al.
    A minus-end-binding stabilizes minus-end-out microtubules in dendrites, which are required for dendrite-specific pruning during neuronal remodelling.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Kinesin-4 KIF21B is a potent microtubule pausing factor

    Wilhelmina E van Riel et al.
    Kinesin-4 KIF21B combines a processive motor activity with two non-motor microtubule-binding domains and an autoregulatory region to induce pausing of microtubule plus ends.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome-wide dynamics of Pol II elongation and its interplay with promoter proximal pausing, chromatin, and exons

    Iris Jonkers et al.
    The elongation rate of RNA Polymerase II varies greatly between and along genes, as this enzyme accelerates from stable pausing to rapid elongation within genes, and is influenced by CG-content, exons and chromatin.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Reporter-ChIP-nexus reveals strong contribution of the Drosophila initiator sequence to RNA polymerase pausing

    Wanqing Shao et al.
    Reporter-ChIP-nexus captures paused Pol II on transfected plasmids and shows that pausing stability is influenced by core promoter sequences, especially by the initiator with a G at +2 position.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Synaptic pruning in the female hippocampus is triggered at puberty by extrasynaptic GABAA receptors on dendritic spines

    Sonia Afroz et al.
    Extrasynaptic GABAA receptors that emerge at puberty trigger adolescent synaptic pruning; pruning is prevented and cognition is impaired if the receptors are absent.

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